Module Discussion 1.Explain the main causes of expatriate failure and describe a training program for expatriates. 2. Why is it recommended that the family of the expatriate also receive training? 3

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Module Discussion

1.Explain the main causes of expatriate failure and describe a training program for expatriates.

2. Why is it recommended that the family of the expatriate also receive training?

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3. In what ways do HRIS help improve their effectiveness and efficiency?

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Module Discussion 1.Explain the main causes of expatriate failure and describe a training program for expatriates. 2. Why is it recommended that the family of the expatriate also receive training? 3
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L R Q $ O W K R X J K P D Q R U J D Q L ] D W L R Q V K D Y H R Q O O L P L W H G J O R E D O V F R S H D J U R Z L Q J Q X P E H U R I R U J D Q L ] D W L R Q V V X F K D V ‘ H O O D Q G 0 L F U R V R I W K D Y H D O D U J H Q X P E H U R I S H U V R Q Q H O D Q G I D F L O L W L H V W K U R X J K R X W W K H Z R U O G 6 Q H O O 0 R U U L V % R K O D Q G H U 7 K H I R O O R Z L Q J V H F W L R Q S U R Y L G H V D E U L H I G H V F U L S W L R Q R I W K H I R X U W S H V D V L G H Q W L I L H G E % H D P D Q Z K L F K D U H E D V H G R Q W K H W S H V R I L Q W H U Q D W L R Q D O E X V L Q H V V R S H U D W L R Q V G H V F U L E H G E W K H L U O H Y H O R I J O R E D O S D U W L F L S D W L R Q % D U W O H W W * K R V K D O , Q W H U Q D W L R Q D O & R U S R U D W L R Q $ Q L Q W H U Q D W L R Q D O F R U S R U D W L R Q X V H V L W V H [ L V W L Q J F R U H F R P S H W H Q F L H V W R H [ S D Q G R S H U D W L R Q V L Q W R I R U H L J Q P D U N H W V 6 Q H O O H W D O 7 K H V H R U J D Q L ] D W L R Q V D S S U R D F K L V F H Q W U D O L ] H G D Q G I R F X V H G R Q O H D U Q L Q J D Q G V K D U L Q J 7 K L V W S H R I R U J D Q L ] D W L R Q F R P S H W H V L Q W K H J O R E D O P D U N H W S O D F H E H [ S R U W L Q J H [ L V W L Q J S U R G X F W V D Q G H Y H Q W X D O O R S H Q L Q J I D F L O L W L H V L Q R W K H U F R X Q W U L H V : K L O H W K H L U F R U S R U D W H K H D G T X D U W H U V W S L F D O O U H V L G H L Q W K H S D U H Q W F R X Q W U L Q W H U Q D W L R Q D O F R U S R U D W L R Q V K D Y H I R U H L J Q R S H U D W L R Q V L Q R Q H R U P R U H K R V W F R X Q W U L H V & R P S D Q L H V R S H U D W L Q J D V L Q W H U Q D W L R Q D O F R U S R U D W L R Q V L Q F O X G H + R Q G D * H Q H U D O ( O H F W U L F D Q G 3 U R F W H U * D P E O H V H H 6 Q H O O H W D O 7 K L V W S H R I L Q W H U Q D W L R Q D O E X V L Q H V V R S H U D W L R Q S U H V H Q W V Y D U L R X V X Q L T X H F K D O O H Q J H V I R U W K H + 5 0 I X Q F W L R Q R I W K H R U J D Q L ] D W L R Q 7 Z R L V V X H V S D U W L F X O D U O U H O H Y D Q W W R L Q W H U Q D W L R Q D O F R U S R U D W L R Q V D U H W K H K R V W F R X Q W U V O H J D O V V W H P D Q G W K H K R V W F R X Q W U V Q D W L R Q D O F X O W X U H / H J D O L V V X H V P L J K W D U L V H E H F D X V H R I D F R X Q W U V P L Q L P X P Z D J H I R U H [ D P S O H , Q V R P H F R X Q W U L H V W K H P L Q L P X P Z D J H L V U H O D W L Y H O K L J K G U L Y L Q J X S O D E R U F R V W V 1 R H H W D O ( [ D P S O H V R I F X O W X U D O G L I I H U H Q F H V D I I H F W L Q J L Q W H U Q D W L R Q D O F R U S R U D W L R Q V D U H F R P P X Q L F D W L R Q V W O H V R U W K H P H D Q L Q J D Q G L P S R U W D Q F H R I Z R U N L Q W K H K R V W F R X Q W U V X F K G L I I H U H Q F H V R I W H Q L P S D F W Z R U N R X W F R P H V V X F K D V R U J D Q L ] D W L R Q D O F R P P L W P H Q W M R E V D W L V I D F W L R Q D Q G L Q W H Q W L R Q W R V W D 0 X O W L Q D W L R Q D O & R U S R U D W L R Q $ P X O W L Q D W L R Q D O F R U S R U D W L R Q L V D P R U H F R P S O H [ L Q W H U Q D W L R Q D O E X V L Q H V V R S H U D W L R Q W K D Q W K H S U H F H G L Q J R Q H , Q D Q D W W H P S W W R F D S L W D O L ] H R Q O R Z H U S U R G X F W L R Q D Q G G L V W U L E X W L R Q F R V W V P X O W L Q D W L R Q D O F R U S R U D W L R Q V + 5 U R O H L V K L J K O G H F H Q W U D O L ] H G O R F D O O U H V S R Q V L Y H D Q G L W R S H U D W H V D V I X O O D X W R Q R P R X V X Q L W V L Q P X O W L S O H F R X Q W U L H V 1 R H H W D O 6 Q H O O H W D O $ Q H [ D P S O H R I D P X O W L Q D W L R Q D O F R U S R U D W L R Q L V * H Q H U D O 0 R W R U V * 0 : K L O H * 0 V K H D G T X D U W H U V D Q G V R P H R I L W V R S H U D W L R Q V D U H O R F D W H G L Q W K H 8 Q L W H G 6 W D W H V P D Q R I L W V P D Q X I D F W X U L Q J I D F L O L W L H V K D Y H E H H Q U H O R F D W H G W R S O D F H V V X F K D V 0 H [ L F R D Q G & K L Q D Z L W K W K H J R D O V R I U H G X F L Q J S U R G X F W L R Q F R V W V D Q G D F F H V V L Q J O R F D O P D U N H W V / R F D W L Q J I D F L O L W L H V W R & K L Q D K D V D O O R Z H G * 0 W R V H O O W R W K H $ V L D Q P D U N H W V Z L W K U H G X F H G G L V W U L E X W L R Q F R V W V 7 K H + 5 0 L V V X H V H [ S H U L H Q F H G E P X O W L Q D W L R Q D O F R U S R U D W L R Q V D U H V L P L O D U W R W K R V H H Q F R X Q W H U H G E L Q W H U Q D W L R Q D O F R U S R U D W L R Q V E X W H [ D F H U E D W H G E W K H I D F W W K D W W K H U H D U H P R U H F R X Q W U L H V D Q G F R X Q W U G L I I H U H Q F H V W R W D N H L Q W R F R Q V L G H U D W L R Q 2 Q H D S S U R D F K W D N H Q E P X O W L Q D W L R Q D O F R U S R U D W L R Q V K D V E H H Q W R K L U H H [ S D W U L D W H V I U R P F R X Q W U L H V R W K H U W K D Q W K H S D U H Q W F R X Q W U W R K H O S Z L W K V W D I I L Q J D Q G P D Q D J H P H Q W L V V X H V 1 R H H W D O + R Z H Y H U D F F R U G L Q J W R 1 R H D Q G F R O O H D J X H V D O W K R X J K K L U L Q J H [ S D W U L D W H V I U R P R W K H U F R X Q W U L H V K D V L W V G L V D G Y D Q W D J H V V X F K L V V X H V F D Q E H R Y H U F R P H E U H T X L U L Q J J U H D W H U F U R V V W U D L Q L Q J R I F X O W X U D O D Q G P D Q D J H U L D O V N L O O V * O R E D O & R U S R U D W L R Q * O R E D O F R U S R U D W L R Q V D U H V L P L O D U W R L Q W H U Q D W L R Q D O F R U S R U D W L R Q V L Q W K D W W K H L U + 5 I X Q F W L R Q V D U H K L J K O F H Q W U D O L ] H G D Q G I R F X V H G R Q H I I L F L H Q F K R Z H Y H U W K H J O R E D O F R U S R U D W L R Q D O V R L Q W H J U D W H V L W V Z R U O G Z L G H R S H U D W L R Q V W K U R X J K D F H Q W U D O L ] H G K R P H R I I L F H 6 Q H O O H W D O 0 X O W L Q D W L R Q D O F R U S R U D W L R Q V S U R G X F H D Q G G L V W U L E X W H L G H Q W L F D O S U R G X F W V D Q G V H U Y L F H V Z R U O G Z L G H * O R E D O F R U S R U D W L R Q V R Q W K H R W K H U K D Q G H P S K D V L ] H I O H [ L E L O L W D Q G P D V V F X V W R P L ] D W L R Q W R P H H W W K H Q H H G V R I G L I I H U L Q J F X V W R P H U J U R X S V Z R U O G Z L G H 1 R H H W D O ) R U G U H S U H V H Q W V D Q H [ D P S O H R I D J O R E D O F R U S R U D W L R Q ) R U G R I I H U V W Z R G L I I H U H Q W O L Q H V R I D X W R P R E L O H V R Q H W R L W V $ P H U L F D Q F R Q V X P H U V D Q G W K H R W K H U W R L W V ( X U R S H D Q F R Q V X P H U V ) R U H [ D P S O H L W P H H W V W K H Q H H G R I ( X U R S H D Q F R Q V X P H U V I R U V P D O O H U P R U H I X H O H I I L F L H Q W F D U V E R I I H U L Q J W K H . D D F D U V L P L O D U W R ‘ D L P O H U V V P D U W F D U % H F D X V H R I W K L V L Q W H J U D W L Y H L Q W H U Q D W L R Q D O I R F X V J O R E D O F R U S R U D W L R Q V P X V W P D Q D J H W K H L U K X P D Q U H V R X U F H V W K U R X J K D P X O W L F R X Q W U + 5 0 V V W H P 7 K L V W S H R I V V W H P L V F K D U D F W H U L ] H G E W K U H H H V V H Q W L D O D W W U L E X W H V + 5 G H F L V L R Q V D U H P D G H I U R P D J O R E D O U D W K H U W K D Q D Q D W L R Q D O S H U V S H F W L Y H W K H F R P S D Q V P D Q D J H P H Q W L V F R P S R V H G R I S H R S O H I U R P D O O R Y H U W K H Z R U O G D Q G G H F L V L R Q P D N L Q J D Q G S O D Q Q L Q J S U R F H V V H V L Q F O X G H S H R S O H I U R P D Y D U L H W R I F X O W X U H V D Q G E D F N J U R X Q G V 1 R H H W D O 7 U D Q V Q D W L R Q D O & R U S R U D W L R Q $ W U D Q V Q D W L R Q D O F R U S R U D W L R Q X V H V D Q + 5 D S S U R D F K W K D W L V O R F D O O U H V S R Q V L E O H W R L W V F R X Q W U O R F D W L R Q D Q G L V I R F X V H G R Q E H L Q J K L J K O H I I L F L H Q W S O X V H P S K D V L ] L Q J O H D U Q L Q J D Q G V K D U L Q J 7 K H W S H R I L Q W H U Q D W L R Q D O E X V L Q H V V R S H U D W L R Q Z L O O L Q H Y L W D E O L Q I O X H Q F H W K H Z D L Q Z K L F K W K H R U J D Q L ] D W L R Q P D Q D J H V L W V K X P D Q U H V R X U F H V , W L V I H D V L E O H W R F R Q F H S W X D O L ] H R U J D Q L ] D W L R Q V R Q D F R Q W L Q X X P E D V H G R Q W K H L U O H Y H O R I J O R E D O S D U W L F L S D W L R Q I U R P W K H G R P H V W L F F R U S R U D W L R Q U H S U H V H Q W L Q J W K H O R Z H V W O H Y H O R I J O R E D O S D U W L F L S D W L R Q W R W K H J O R E D O F R U S R U D W L R Q U H S U H V H Q W L Q J W K H K L J K H V W O H Y H O R I J O R E D O S D U W L F L S D W L R Q : L W K W K L V L Q P L Q G Z H S U R Y L G H L Q W K H I R O O R Z L Q J V H F W L R Q V R I W K L V F K D S W H U D G L V F X V V L R Q R I L V V X H V V X U U R X Q G L Q J W K H P D Q D J H P H Q W R I K X P D Q U H V R X U F H V L Q W H U Q D W L R Q D O O $ O W K R X J K W K H V H G L V W L Q F W L R Q V D P R Q J 0 1 ( V D U H L P S R U W D Q W W K H D F W X D O V W U X F W X U H R I W K H 0 1 ( G H W H U P L Q H V L W V H I I H F W L Y H Q H V V 7 K H U H L V Q R E H V W V W U X F W X U H W K D W I L W V W K H G L V W U L E X W L R Q D Q G P D U N H W L Q J Q H H G V R I D O O 0 1 ( V 3 H U K D S V K D Y L Q J D I O H [ L E O H D S S U R D F K W R V W U X F W X U H L V W K H E H V W Z D W R P D Q D J H D Q 0 1 ( 8 V H D Q + 5 D S S U R D F K W K D W L V O R F D O O U H V S R Q V L Y H W R L W V F R X Q W U O R F D W L R Q D Q G L V I R F X V H G R Q E H L Q J K L J K O H I I L F L H Q W S O X V E H L Q J I R F X V H G R Q O H D U Q L Q J D Q G V K D U L Q J * R L Q J * O R E D O ) R U G R P H V W L F D Q G L Q W H U Q D W L R Q D O I L U P V E H F R P L Q J D J O R E D O F R U S R U D W L R Q L V D G H V L U D E O H D Q G L P S R U W D Q W V W H S G X H W R S R W H Q W L D O V D O H V L Q L Q W H U Q D W L R Q D O P D U N H W V L Q D G G L W L R Q W R W K H D E L O L W W R L P S U R Y H S U R G X F W V D Q G V H U Y L F H V W K U R X J K W K H O H V V R Q V O H D U Q H G L Q G L I I H U H Q W P D U N H W V 6 L Q F H J R L Q J J O R E D O U H T X L U H V D V L J Q L I L F D Q W L Q Y H V W P H Q W P R V W F R P S D Q L H V W K D W J R J O R E D O D U H I D L U O O D U J H D Q G K D Y H S U R G X F W V R U V H U Y L F H V W K D W Z R X O G D S S H D O W R D Q L Q W H U Q D W L R Q D O P D U N H W + R Z H Y H U W K H U H D U H V S H F L D O W F R P S D Q L H V I R U Z K L F K W K H L Q W H U Q D W L R Q D O P D U N H W L V D O V R G H V L U D E O H G X H W R F R X Q W U E F R X Q W U P D U N H W Q L F K H V % U L H I O J R L Q J J O R E D O U H T X L U H V F R Q V L G H U D E O H S O D Q Q L Q J D Q G O H D U Q L Q J K R Z J O R E D O F R P S D Q L H V D Q G G R P H V W L F F R P S H W L W R U V R S H U D W H 7 K H I L U V W V W H S L Q J R L Q J J O R E D O I R U P R V W F R P S D Q L H V L V W R H V W D E O L V K D V D O H V R I I L F H L Q W K H F R X Q W U L H V E H L Q J F R Q V L G H U H G D V S R W H Q W L D O V X E V L G L D U O R F D W L R Q V 7 K L V H Q D E O H V W K H F R P S D Q W R J D L Q L P S R U W D Q W N Q R Z O H G J H R I W K H O R F D O F X O W X U H L W V U H J X O D W L R Q V F R P S H W L W L R Q D Q G O L Y L Q J F R Q G L W L R Q V : K H Q L W L V S R V V L E O H F R P S D Q L H V D O V R Z L O O F D O F X O D W H D Q L Q L W L D O F R V W E H Q H I L W D Q D O V L V W R G H W H U P L Q H L I W K H S R W H Q W L D O 5 2 , L Q G L F D W H V W K H V K R X O G F R Q W L Q X H W R H [ S O R U H W K H H V W D E O L V K P H Q W R I D V X E V L G L D U L Q W K H F R X Q W U 7 K H U H D U H D O V R D Q X P E H U R I L P S R U W D Q W + 5 L V V X H V Z K L F K Z L O O D O V R Q H H G W R E H D G G U H V V H G Z K H Q F R P S D Q L H V P D N H W K H V Z L W F K W R J O R E D O H [ S D Q V L R Q 5 R E H U W V U D L V H G I R X U L V V X H V W K D W F R P S D Q L H V V K R X O G F R Q V L G H U E H I R U H G H F L G L Q J W R J R J O R E D O X Q G H U V W D Q G L Q J W K H S R Z H U R I W K H S H R S O H W H F K Q L F D O L V V X H V F X O W X U D O F O D V K H V D Q G S U L Y D F O D Z K X U G O H V $ Q H [ D P S O H R I X Q G H U V W D Q G L Q J W K H S R Z H U R I W K H S H R S O H F L W H G E 5 R E H U W V Z D V W K D W R I D Q H O H F W U L F D O F R P S R Q H Q W P D Q X I D F W X U H U L Q 7 H Q Q H V V H H W K D W Q H H G H G I D [ H V M X V W W R J H W D Z R U O G Z L G H K H D G F R X Q W 7 K H F R P S D Q K D G P R U H W K D Q H P S O R H H V D W V L W H V L Q F R X Q W U L H V V R J H W W L Q J D Q D F F X U D W H K H D G F R X Q W Z D V G L I I L F X O W E X W T X L W H L P S R U W D Q W 2 I W H Q F R P S D Q L H V I H H O W K D W J O R E D O L ] D W L R Q Z L O O V X U H O E H D E O H W R V R O Y H W K L V S U R E O H P 5 H O D W H G W R W K H S R Z H U R I W K H S H R S O H Z D V W K D W D F R P S D Q Q H H G V P R U H W K D Q P R Q H W D U U H V R X U F H V W R J R J O R E D O , W D O V R Q H H G V W K H Z L O O L Q J S D U W L F L S D W L R Q R I D O O S D U W L H V L Q Y R O Y H G 7 K L V S U R F H V V R I J O R E D O L ] D W L R Q Z D V D P D M R U R U J D Q L ] D W L R Q D O V W H S D Q G L W Q H H G H G W R E H L P S O H P H Q W H G F D U H I X O O 7 K H V H F R Q G S U R E O H P D F F R U G L Q J W R 5 R E H U W V W K D W P R V W S H R S O H D V V X P H W R E H V R O Y H G H D V L O L Q Y R O Y H V W K H W H F K Q L F D O L V V X H V D Q G F K D Q J H V Q H H G H G W R J O R E D O L ] H ‘ H F L V L R Q V Z L O O K D Y H W R E H P D G H D E R X W L Q Z K L F K W H F K Q R O R J L H V W R L Q Y H V W K R Z W R L Q W H J U D W H W K H P D Q G K R Z G D W D D U H V K D U H G E H W Z H H Q F R X Q W U L H V D Q G G L Y L V L R Q V , Q D G G L W L R Q L V V X H V V X F K D V H P S O R H H U H D G L Q H V V I R U Q H Z W H F K Q R O R J S U L Y D F O D Z V D Q G W K H W S H V R I G H Y L F H V H J P R E L O H O D S W R S G H V N W R S W K D W Z L O O E H X W L O L ] H G Z L O O Q H H G W R E H D G G U H V V H G 0 D V R Q D U J X H V W K D W W H F K Q R O R J F D Q K H O S W R V W D Q G D U G L ] H D Q G V W U H D P O L Q H + 5 S U D F W L F H V J O R E D O O : H G L V F X V V P R U H D E R X W W K L V O D W H U L Q W K H F K D S W H U Z K H Q Z H G L V F X V V W K H U R O H R I + 5 , 6 L Q W K H V H I L U P V & X O W X U H W K H W K L U G R I 5 R E H U W V V L V V X H V L V D O V R K L J K O L P S R U W D Q W 6 R P H H Y H Q D U J X H L W W R E H W K H P R V W L P S R U W D Q W I R U D Q F R P S D Q J R L Q J J O R E D O 0 D Q D W W H P S W V W R J R J O R E D O K D Y H I D L O H G E H F D X V H W K H H P S O R H H V I U R P W K H K R P H F R X Q W U O R F D W L R Q K D Y H G L I I L F X O W L H V Z L W K W K H F X O W X U D O G L Y H U V L W L Q R W K H U F R X Q W U L H V : R U N L Q J V W O H V L Q F R X Q W U L H V P D E H H Q W L U H O G L I I H U H Q W Z L W K V W U L F W O H Y H O V R I K L H U D U F K D Q G I R U P D O L W L H V H [ S H F W H G L Q V R P H F R X Q W U L H V Z K L O H R W K H U V P D Q R W K D Y H W K L V V W U X F W X U H 7 K H I R X U W K L V V X H G H D O V Z L W K W K H Y D U L Q J F R X Q W U E F R X Q W U S U L Y D F O D Z V ) R U H [ D P S O H W K H S U L Y D F O D Z V L Q W K H 8 Q L W H G 6 W D W H V D U H P R U H O L E H U D O W K D Q W K H R Q H V L Q W K H ( X U R S H D Q 8 Q L R Q ( 8 , Q D G G L W L R Q P R V W F R X Q W U L H V L Q F O X G L Q J W K R V H L Q W K H ( 8 K D Y H G D W D S U L Y D F O D Z V V S H F L I L F W R W K H L U R Z Q F R X Q W U % D W V N L Q R W H V W K D W W K L V Z L O O U H T X L U H + 5 V W D I I D Q G H Y H Q P D Q D J H U V Z K R K D Q G O H H P S O R H H G D W D W R E H Z H O O W U D L Q H G L Q W K H S U L Y D F O D Z V I R U H D F K F R X Q W U L Q Z K L F K W K H F R P S D Q R S H U D W H V 1 R W Z L W K V W D Q G L Q J W K H H P H U J L Q J 3 U L Y D F 6 K L H O G ) U D P H Z R U N U H F H Q W O Q H J R W L D W H G E H W Z H H Q W K H 8 Q L W H G 6 W D W H V D Q G W K H ( 8 V H H + 5 , 6 L Q $ F W L R Q V H F W L R Q D W W K H E H J L Q Q L Q J R I W K H F K D S W H U G L I I H U L Q J S U L Y D F O D Z V F D Q D O V R L P S D F W + 5 U H S R U W L Q J U H T X L U H P H Q W V + 5 P X V W E H D Z D U H R I F R X Q W U V S H F L I L F U H T X L U H P H Q W V V X U U R X Q G L Q J W K H W U D F N L Q J R I H P S O R H H G D W D D Q G W K H + 5 , 6 X W L O L ] H G P X V W E H D E O H W R D F F R X Q W I R U W K H V H G L I I H U H Q F H V ) R U H [ D P S O H L Q V R P H F R X Q W U L H V W K H W U D F N L Q J R I X Q L R Q P H P E H U V K L S L V D O O R Z H G E X W L Q R W K H U V L W L V Q R W 7 K H V H G L I I H U L Q J U H J X O D W L R Q V D Q G U H S R U W L Q J U H T X L U H P H Q W V P D N H L W Y H U G L I I L F X O W W R L P S O H P H Q W D Q + 5 , 6 W K D W V S D Q V P X O W L S O H F R X Q W U L H V D Q G D F F R X Q W V I R U W K H F R X Q W U V S H F L I L F Q X D Q F H V L Q G D W D F R O O H F W L R Q D Q G U H S R U W L Q J 7 K X V P D Q I L U P V D U H O L N H O W R L P S O H P H Q W P X O W L S O H + 5 V V W H P V W K U R X J K R X W W K H Z R U O G W R U H P D L Q F R P S O L D Q W Z L W K W K H V H G L I I H U H Q F H V , Q W K H * R L Q J * O R E D O 5 H S R U W + & 0 7 U H Q G V L Q * O R E D O L ] D W L R Q % H D P D Q G H V F U L E H V W K H G H F L V L R Q R I J R L Q J J O R E D O D V T X L W H G L I I L F X O W D Q G W L P H F R Q V X P L Q J – H L W R V D * U R X S , Q W H U Q D W L R Q D O L Q F R O O D E R U D W L R Q Z L W K W K H , Q W H U Q D W L R Q D O $ V V R F L D W L R Q I R U + X P D Q 5 H V R X U F H , Q I R U P D W L R Q 0 D Q D J H P H Q W , + 5 , 0 F R P S O H W H G D V X U Y H R I P X O W L Q D W L R Q D O R U J D Q L ] D W L R Q V I U R P G L Y H U V H L Q G X V W U V H F W R U V W K D W I R F X V H G R Q W K H I D F W R U V W K D W O H D G D F R U S R U D W L R Q W R J R J O R E D O 7 K H V X U Y H Z D V G H V L J Q H G W R D Q V Z H U W K H V H T X H V W L R Q V + R Z G R H V D Q R U J D Q L ] D W L R Q G H F L G H Z K H Q L W V K R X O G J R J O R E D O ” + R Z G R H V L W G H W H U P L Q H Z K H W K H U R U Q R W L W V + 5 G H S D U W P H Q W D Q G + 5 , 6 D U H U H D G ” $ U H L W V E X V L Q H V V D Q G + 5 I X Q F W L R Q V F D S D E O H R I V X S S R U W L Q J D P R Y H W R D J O R E D O O H Y H O I R U W K H R U J D Q L ] D W L R Q ” ) L J X U H O L V W V D Q X P E H U R I F K D O O H Q J H V W K D W R U J D Q L ] D W L R Q V I D F H Z K H Q J R L Q J J O R E D O , Q W H U H V W L Q J O W K H W R S I R X U F K D O O H Q J H V L G H Q W L I L H G L Q W K L V V X U Y H F X O W X U D O G L Y H U V L W D S S U H F L D W L R Q H Q K D Q F H G E X V L Q H V V S H U I R U P D Q F H O H D G H U V K L S V W U H Q J W K D Q G R U J D Q L ] D W L R Q D O V X S S R U W D U H W K H V D P H F K D O O H Q J H V W K D W K D Y H E H H Q I D F H G E J O R E D O R U J D Q L ] D W L R Q V I R U H D U V $ G O H U % U L V F R H 6 F K X O H U ‘ R Z O L Q J ) H V W L Q J ( Q J O H 7 K L V V X U Y H D O V R T X H U L H G U H V S R Q G H Q W V D E R X W W K H N H F R P S H W H Q F L H V I R U V X F F H V V I X O J O R E D O Z R U N $ V V H H Q L Q ) L J X U H W K H W R S I L Y H D U H J O R E D O P L Q G V H W F X O W X U D O L Q W H O O L J H Q F H V W U D W H J L F W K L Q N L Q J D G D S W D E L O L W W R F K D Q J H D Q G D F F R P P R G D W L R Q I O H [ L E L O L W 7 K H Q H [ W I L Y H N H F R P S H W H Q F L H V D U H D O O I R F X V H G R Q P D Q D J H P H Q W O H D G H U V K L S V N L O O V G H F L V L R Q P D N L Q J D E L O L W D Q D O W L F W K L Q N L Q J L Q W H U S H U V R Q D O V N L O O V D Q G E X V L Q H V V D F X P H Q $ V D V H W W K H V H F R P S H W H Q F H V L Q G L F D W H W K D W S U R I H V V L R Q D O V D Q G P D Q D J H U V Z R U N L Q J L Q J O R E D O F R P S D Q L H V Q H H G W R G H Y H O R S W K H V H F R P S H W H Q F L H V W K U R X J K W U D L Q L Q J D Q G H [ S H U L H Q F H L Q R U G H U I R U W K H J O R E D O F R P S D Q W R E H V X F F H V V I X O : H D J U H H Z L W K % H D P D Q Z K R V D V W K D W J R L Q J J O R E D O Z L W K + 5 D Q G + 5 W H F K Q R O R J L V F K D O O H Q J L Q J E X W F D Q E H U H Z D U G L Q J W R R : K L O H W K H L Q G X V W U L V P D N L Q J S U R J U H V V W K H U H L V P R U H Z R U N W R G R S ) L J X U H 7 R S & K D O O H Q J H V L Q : R U N L Q J * O R E D O O 6 R X U F H % H D P D Q S 5 H S U L Q W H G Z L W K S H U P L V V L R Q ) L J X U H . H & R P S H W H Q F L H V I R U 6 X F F H V V I X O * O R E D O : R U N 6 R X U F H % H D P D Q S 5 H S U L Q W H G Z L W K S H U P L V V L R Q 7 K H G L I I L F X O W L H V L Q Y R O Y H G L Q P D Q D J L Q J W K H Z R U N I R U F H R I D Q 0 1 ( L Q F O X G L Q J D J O R E D O R Q H D U H F R Y H U H G L Q W K H U H P D L Q G H U R I W K L V F K D S W H U ‘ L I I H U H Q F H V L Q + 5 0 L Q 0 1 ( V ( Y H Q W K R X J K W K H U H Z H U H D Q X P E H U R I G L I I H U H Q W W S H V R I L Q W H U Q D W L R Q D O E X V L Q H V V R S H U D W L R Q V G H V F U L E H G L Q W K H S U H Y L R X V V H F W L R Q I R U F R Q Y H Q L H Q F H W K H V H W S H V Z L O O D O O E H U H I H U U H G W R D V P X O W L Q D W L R Q D O H Q W H U S U L V H V 0 1 ( V $ V R Q H P L J K W H [ S H F W W K H U H D U H V L J Q L I L F D Q W G L I I H U H Q F H V L Q + 5 0 S U R J U D P V D Q G S U D F W L F H V E H W Z H H Q D G R P H V W L F H Q W H U S U L V H D Q G D Q 0 1 ( % H F D X V H W K H G R P H V W L F R U J D Q L ] D W L R Q R Q O R S H U D W H V L Q R Q H O D E R U P D U N H W P D Q D J L Q J L W V K X P D Q U H V R X U F H V L V P X F K H D V L H U W K D Q L V W K H F D V H I R U 0 1 ( V 0 1 ( V R S H U D W H L Q P X O W L S O H F R X Q W U L H V D Q G P X V W K D Y H L Q I R U P D W L R Q R Q W K H O D E R U P D U N H W V L Q D O O W K H F R X Q W U L H V L Q Z K L F K W K H G R E X V L Q H V V , Q D G G L W L R Q D Q 0 1 ( L Q F O X G H V W K U H H W S H V R I H P S O R H H V D V R S S R V H G W R R Q H W S H L Q D G R P H V W L F I L U P 7 K H V H 0 1 ( H P S O R H H V L Q F O X G H S D U H Q W F R X Q W U Q D W L R Q D O V 3 & 1 V K R V W F R X Q W U Q D W L R Q D O V + & 1 V D Q G W K L U G F R X Q W U Q D W L R Q D O V 7 & 1 V 3 & 1 V D U H I U R P W K H F R X Q W U L Q Z K L F K W K H F R U S R U D W H K H D G T X D U W H U V R I W K H 0 1 ( L V O R F D W H G Z K L O H + & 1 V D U H I U R P W K H F R X Q W U L H V Z K H U H V X E V L G L D U L H V D U H O R F D W H G 7 & 1 V D U H H P S O R H H V I U R P F R X Q W U L H V R W K H U W K D Q W K H S D U H Q W R U K R V W F R X Q W U L H V , Q V S L W H R I W K H V H G L I I H U H Q F H V L Q W K H W S H V R I H P S O R H H V K L U H G E D G R P H V W L F H Q W H U S U L V H D Q G D Q 0 1 ( W K H P D M R U S U R J U D P V R I + 5 0 I R U H [ D P S O H W D O H Q W P D Q D J H P H Q W D Q G F R P S H Q V D W L R Q H [ L V W L Q E R W K G R P H V W L F D Q G L Q W H U Q D W L R Q D O R U J D Q L ] D W L R Q V + R Z H Y H U W K H I D F W W K D W D Q 0 1 ( F R P S H W H V L Q P X O W L S O H F R X Q W U L H V Y H U V X V W K H V L Q J O H F R X Q W U R U L H Q W D W L R Q R I D G R P H V W L F F R P S D Q F R Q W U L E X W H V W R W K H F R P S O H [ L W R I , + 5 0 ‘ R Z O L Q J H W D O L G H Q W L I V L [ N H I D F W R U V W K D W F R Q W U L E X W H W R W K H F R P S O H [ L W R I L Q W H U Q D W L R Q D O + 5 P D Q D J H P H Q W 0 R U H + 5 D F W L Y L W L H V $ Q + 5 G H S D U W P H Q W L Q D Q L Q W H U Q D W L R Q D O I L U P P X V W E H F R Q F H U Q H G Z L W K D F W L Y L W L H V W K D W Z R X O G Q R W E H S D U W R I D Q + 5 G H S D U W P H Q W L Q D G R P H V W L F I L U P I R U H [ D P S O H U H O D W L R Q V Z L W K K R V W J R Y H U Q P H Q W V G L I I H U H Q F H V L Q O D E R U O D Z V D Q G J X L G H O L Q H V L Q W K H K R V W F R X Q W U D Q G D G P L Q L V W U D W L Y H G H W D L O V R I W K H H P S O R H H V V X F K D V L Q W H U Q D W L R Q D O W D [ D W L R Q L Q W H U Q D W L R Q D O U H O R F D W L R Q R U L H Q W D W L R Q D Q G O D Q J X D J H W U D L Q L Q J 7 K H Q H H G I R U D E U R D G H U S H U V S H F W L Y H 7 K H + 5 G H S D U W P H Q W D Q G P D Q D J H U V L Q 0 1 ( V Q H H G D E U R D G H U Z R U O G Y L H Z L Q G H D O L Q J Z L W K 3 & 1 V + & 1 V D Q G 7 & 1 V D Q G U H F R J Q L W L R Q R I E R W K W K H F X O W X U D O G L I I H U H Q F H V D P R Q J H P S O R H H V D Q G W K H G L I I H U H Q F H V L Q Z R U N H W K L F S U D F W L F H V D Q G H [ S H F W D W L R Q V L Q W K H H P S O R H H V K R P H F R X Q W U L H V 0 R U H L Q Y R O Y H P H Q W L Q H P S O R H H V S H U V R Q D O O L Y H V 7 K H , + 5 0 G H S D U W P H Q W L V P R U H L Q Y R O Y H G L Q W K H O L Y H V R I H P S O R H H V L Q W K H D U H D V R I W D [ D W L R Q H G X F D W L R Q D Q G H Y H Q E D Q N L Q J V H U Y L F H V , W D O V R K D V W R D G G U H V V W K H L V V X H R I Y L V D V D Q G K R X V L Q J D U U D Q J H P H Q W V I R U 3 & 1 V H [ S D W U L D W H V D Q G 7 & 1 V & K D Q J H V L Q H P S K D V L V R I + 5 S U R J U D P V V X F K D V F R P S H Q V D W L R Q P D Q D J H U L D O V W O H D Q G W R O H U D Q F H R I H P S O R H H G L Y H U V L W D V W K H Z R U N I R U F H P L [ R I H [ S D W U L D W H V D Q G O R F D O V Y D U L H V 7 K H L P P H Q V H S R R O R I W D O H Q W D Y D L O D E O H W R 0 1 ( V P H D Q V D Y D U L Q J P L [ R I 3 & 1 V + & 1 V D Q G 7 & 1 V L Q W K H Z R U N I R U F H & R Q V H T X H Q W O D Q X P E H U R I G L I I H U H Q W O D Q J X D J H V Z L O O R I W H Q E H V S R N H Q 7 K L V V L W X D W L R Q Z R X O G G L F W D W H O D Q J X D J H W U D L Q L Q J W R V X S S R U W D F R P P R Q O D Q J X D J H I R U H P S O R H H V D Q G W R L P S U R Y H F R P P X Q L F D W L R Q L Q W K H Z R U N L Q J H Q Y L U R Q P H Q W 5 L V N H [ S R V X U H 7 K H , + 5 0 G H S D U W P H Q W P X V W E H D Z D U H R I W K H U L V N V W R L W V H P S O R H H V D Q G N H H S W K H P D S S U L V H G R I D Q V L J Q L I L F D Q W S U R E O H P V H J W H U U R U L V W W K U H D W V L P S H Q G L Q J Z D U F U L P H L Q V S H F L I L F O R F D W L R Q V D Q G H Q Y L U R Q P H Q W D O G L V D V W H U V , W P X V W E H S U H S D U H G I R U D Q Q H F H V V D U H Y D F X D W L R Q R I H P S O R H H V % U R D G H U H [ W H U Q D O L Q I O X H Q F H V 0 D Q I D F W R U V F D Q D I I H F W W K H R S H U D W L R Q D Q G D F W L Y L W L H V R I , + 5 0 L Q P X O W L S O H F R X Q W U L H V V X F K D V J R Y H U Q P H Q W U H J 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H + 5 0 D Q D J H P H Q W , V V X H V L Q 0 1 ( V 0 D Q D J L Q J L Q W K H J O R E D O E X V L Q H V V H Q Y L U R Q P H Q W F U H D W H V X Q L T X H F R P S O H [ L W L H V I R U P D Q D J H U V H V S H F L D O O H [ S D W U L D W H P D Q D J H U V , Q W K H S D V W R U J D Q L ] D W L R Q V K D Y H U H O L H G R Q H [ S D W U L D W H V D V D P D M R U V R X U F H R I V W D I I L Q J I R U W K H L U R Y H U V H D V R S H U D W L R Q V 6 F K X O H U 7 D U L T X H 7 R G D W K R X J K R U J D Q L ] D W L R Q V D U H L Q F U H D V L Q J O V K L I W L Q J I U R P D Q H [ S D W U L D W H I R F X V H G Z R U N I R U F H W R D J O R E D O Z R U N I R U F H % H D P D Q D U J X H V W K D W L W L V R Q O E I L U V W W K L Q N L Q J O R F D O O W R W U X O X Q G H U V W D Q G W K H Q H H G V R I R X U O R F D O E X V L Q H V V F R P P X Q L W L H V D Q G W K H Q D F W L Q J J O R E D O O W R V H D P O H V V O N Q L W W R J H W K H U G L Y H U V H E X V L Q H V V I X Q F W L R Q V D Q G + 5 V V 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H J D O 6 V W H P V 7 K H S R O L W L F D O D Q G O H J D O V V W H P V Z L W K L Q W K H K R V W F R X Q W U Z L O O D I I H F W W K H W S H R I + 5 S U D F W L F H V W K D W F D Q E H X V H G 1 R H H W D O 7 K H O D Z V D Q G U H J X O D W L R Q V R I W K H K R V W F R X Q W U D U H G H W H U P L Q H G L Q S D U W E W K H V R F L H W D O Q R U P V R I W K D W F R X Q W U ) R U H [ D P S O H W K H 8 Q L W H G 6 W D W H V K D V F U H D W H G O D Z V J R Y H U Q L Q J L V V X H V V X F K D V H T X D O H P S O R P H Q W R S S R U W X Q L W L H V D Q G I D L U S D V W D Q G D U G V 1 R H H W D O K R Z H Y H U W K H V H O D Z V D U H V S H F L I L F W R W K H 8 Q L W H G 6 W D W H V D Q G V L P L O D U O D Z V P D R U P D Q R W Q H F H V V D U L O H [ L V W L Q R W K H U F R X Q W U L H V , Q D G G L W L R Q I U H H V S H H F K L V D F X O W X U D O Q R U P L Q W K H 8 Q L W H G 6 W D W H V D Q G L V S U R W H F W H G E O D Z , W L V D F F H S W D E O H I R U R U J D Q L ] D W L R Q V D Q 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L Q Z K L F K + 5 S U R J U D P V D Q G S U D F W L F H V D U H X V H G 7 K L V H F R Q R P L F V V W H P D I I H F W V K X P D Q F D S L W D O S U L P D U L O W K U R X J K L W V F R P S H Q V D W L R Q V V W H P 1 R H H W D O & R X Q W U L H V V X F K D V * H U P D Q 6 Z L W ] H U O D Q G D Q G – D S D Q K D Y H V W U R Q J H G X F D W L R Q D O V V W H P V D Q G S U R Y L G H H P S O R H H V Z L W K K L J K Z D J H V , Q F R P S D U L V R Q G H Y H O R S L Q J F R X Q W U L H V V X F K D V W K H 3 K L O L S S L Q H V $ I J K D Q L V W D Q D Q G + D L W L K D Y H S R R U H U H G X F D W L R Q D O V V W H P V D Q G S U R Y L G H V X E V W D Q W L D O O O R Z H U F R P S H Q V D W L R Q W R W K H L U Z R U N I R U F H V $ V W X G E W K H 8 6 ‘ H S D U W P H Q W R I / D E R U L Q G L F D W H V W K D W W K H D Y H U D J H F R P S H Q V D W L R Q I R U H P S O R H H V L Q W K H P D Q X I D F W X U L Q J V H F W R U L Q W K H 3 K L O L S S L Q H V Z D V S H U K R X U F R P S D U H G W R S H U K R X U I R U P D Q X I D F W X U L Q J H P S O R H H V L Q W K H 8 Q L W H G 6 W D W H V , I W K H Z R U N I R U F H R I D Q 0 1 ( L Q W K H 3 K L O L S S L Q H V Z H U H F R P S R V H G R I H P S O R H H V I U R P E R W K W K H 3 K L O L S S L Q H V D Q G W K H 8 Q L W H G 6 W D W H V D Q H T X L W L V V X H P L J K W D U L V H D Q G P X V W E H P D Q D J H G H I I H F W L Y H O + 5 3 U R J U D P V L Q * O R E D O 2 U J D Q L ] D W L R Q V , Q W H U Q D W L R Q D O 6 W D I I L Q J 7 K H F R P S O H [ L W L H V L Q K H U H Q W L Q P D Q D J L Q J D J O R E D O R U J D Q L ] D W L R Q P D N H V W D I I L Q J D Q H V S H F L D O O L P S R U W D Q W S D U W R I W K H , + 5 0 V V W H P : K H Q V W D I I L Q J I R U P D Q D J H U L D O D Q G Q R Q P D Q D J H U L D O S R V L W L R Q V W K H 0 1 ( Q H H G V W R G H W H U P L Q H L I S H U V R Q Q H O Z L O O E H V H O H F W H G I U R P W K H K R P H F R X Q W U K R V W F R X Q W U R U W K L U G F R X Q W U W D O H Q W S R R O $ V G H V F U L E H G E 6 Q H O O H W D O H D F K R I W K H V H H P S O R H H J U R X S V S U R Y L G H V D G L I I H U H Q W D G Y D Q W D J H I R U W K H 0 1 ( $ F R P P R Q L V V X H I R U D O O R I W K H V H H P S O R H H J U R X S V K R Z H Y H U L V W K H X Q G H U X W L O L ] D W L R Q R I D Q G O R Z H U S D I R U I H P D O H H P S O R H H V $ G O X Q J $ G O X Q J I R X Q G W K D W L Q D Q X P E H U R I ( X U R S H D Q F R X Q W U L H V I H P D O H V U H F H L Y H G D S S U R [ L P D W H O O H V V V D O D U W K D Q W K H L U P D O H F R X Q W H U S D U W V 7 K L V S R L Q W V X J J H V W V W K D W 0 1 ( V V K R X O G H P S K D V L ] H K L U L Q J I H P D O H H P S O R H H V D Q G S D L Q J W K H P I D L U O $ G O X Q J V X J J H V W V W K D W F R P S D Q L H V F R X O G X W L O L ] H D Q L Q W H J U D W H G W D O H Q W P D Q D J H P H Q W V V W H P V X F K D V 3 H R S O H 6 R I W 7 D O H Q W 6 R I W R U 6 X F F H V V ) D F W R U V W R O H Y H U D J H W K L V X Q W D S S H G W D O H Q W S R R O D Q G U H G X F H W K H V D O D U J D S E H W Z H H Q P D O H D Q G I H P D O H H P S O R H H V 6 H O H F W L Q J * O R E D O 0 D Q D J H U V 0 D Q D J L Q J ( [ S D W U L D W H V 2 Q H R I W K H P R V W G L I I L F X O W E X W L P S R U W D Q W U H V S R Q V L E L O L W L H V R I W K H , + 5 0 I X Q F W L R Q L V W K H V H O H F W L R Q R I P D Q D J H U V I U R P W K H S D U H Q W F R X Q W U I R U D V V L J Q P H Q W V L Q K R V W F R X Q W U L H V 0 R V W R I W K H O L W H U D W X U H R Q W K L V W R S L F L V I R F X V H G R Q W K H V H O H F W L R Q R I H [ S D W U L D W H V Z K H W K H U W K H D U H 3 & 1 V + & 1 V R U 7 & 1 V 7 K H U H D V R Q H [ S D W U L D W H V F D Q E H I U R P D Q R I W K H V H W K U H H F D W H J R U L H V L V W K D W D W W K H P D Q D J H U L D O O H Y H O L Q D Q 0 1 ( W K H V H L Q G L Y L G X D O V Z L O O P R Y H I U R P F R X Q W U W R F R X Q W U 7 K X V W K H W H U P H [ S D W U L D W H Z L O O E H X V H G W R G H V L J Q D W H J O R E D O P D Q D J H U V U H J D U G O H V V R I W K H K R P H F R X Q W U 7 R X Q G H U V W D Q G W K H G L I I L F X O W L Q V H O H F W L Q J H [ S D W U L D W H V Z H Z L O O G L V F X V V L Q W K L V V H F W L R Q W K H F X O W X U D O H Q Y L U R Q P H Q W R I F R X Q W U L H V H [ S D W U L D W H I D L O X U H D Q G L W V F D X V H V D Q G V H O H F W L R Q F U L W H U L D D Q G S U R F H G X U H V I R U H [ S D W U L D W H V 7 K H & X O W X U D O ( Q Y L U R Q P H Q W R I & R X Q W U L H V 2 Q H R I W K H P R V W L P S R U W D Q W D V S H F W V R I D Q H [ S D W U L D W H V M R E W K D W Z L O O V L J Q L I L F D Q W O D I I H F W S H U I R U P D Q F H L V K L V R U K H U L Q W H U D F W L R Q Z L W K W K H O R F D O J R Y H U Q P H Q W D Q G S H R S O H R I D F R X Q W U % H F D X V H R I W K L V L Q W H U D F W L R Q P R V W H [ S D W U L D W H V Z L O O H [ S H U L H Q F H F X O W X U H V K R F N D V W K H P R Y H I U R P F R X Q W U W R F R X Q W U Z L W K L Q D Q 0 1 ( & X O W X U H V K R F N F D Q E H P L O G I R U H [ D P S O H I R U D * H U P D Q P D Q D J H U Z K R U H O R F D W H V W R D V X E V L G L D U S O D Q W L Q ) U D Q F H R U T X L W H V H Y H U H I R U H [ D P S O H I R U D Q $ X V W U D O L D Q P D Q D J H U Z K R P R Y H V W R D V X E V L G L D U L Q ( J S W 7 K X V R Q H R I W K H P R V W L P S R U W D Q W W D V N V R I W K H , + 5 0 G H S D U W P H Q W L V W R J D W K H U L Q I R U P D W L R Q D E R X W W K H F X O W X U H R I F R X Q W U L H V Z K H U H W K H 0 1 ( G R H V E X V L Q H V V W R W U W R H V W L P D W H W K H F X O W X U D O G L I I H U H Q F H V E H W Z H H Q W K H K R P H F R X Q W U L H V R I H P S O R H H V D Q G W K H F R X Q W U L H V Z K H U H W K H P D E H D V V L J Q H G $ Q + 5 , 6 F D Q E H Y H U X V H I X O L Q W K D W L W F D Q V H U Y H D V D U H S R V L W R U R I W K L V L Q I R U P D W L R Q D Q G W K X V F X O W X U D O S U R I L O H V R I F R X Q W U L H V F D Q E H T X L F N O J H Q H U D W H G ) X U W K H U 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R + R I V W H G H V Z R U N R W K H U V W X G L H V K D Y H H [ D P L Q H G G L I I H U H Q F H V L Q Q D W L R Q D O F X O W X U H * / 2 % ( 5 H V H D U F K 7 H D P 7 U R P S H Q D D U V 7 U R P S H Q D D U V O L N H + R I V W H G H I R X Q G I L Y H G L V W L Q F W F X O W X U D O I D F W R U V W K D W G L I I H U H Q W L D W H G F R X Q W U F X O W X U H V Z K L O H W K H * O R E D O / H D G H U V K L S D Q G 2 U J D Q L ] D W L R Q D O % H K D Y L R U ( I I H F W L Y H Q H V V * / 2 % ( U H V H D U F K S U R M H F W F D W H J R U L ] H G F R X Q W U L H V R Q Q L Q H F X O W X U D O G L P H Q V L R Q V 5 H J D U G O H V V R I Z K L F K V W X G Z H H [ D P L Q H D O O R I W K H D X W K R U V F L W H G L Q W K L V F K D S W H U D J U H H W K D W W K H F X O W X U D O H Q Y L U R Q P H Q W R I D F R X Q W U K D V D V W U R Q J H I I H F W R Q W K H P D Q D J H P H Q W R I H P S O R H H V D Q G V K R X O G E H F R Q V L G H U H G Z K H Q V H O H F W L Q J H [ S D W U L D W H V R U L P 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U W P H Q W 0 D M R U + 5 , 6 V X L W H V V X F K D V 2 U D F O H V D Q G 6 $ 3 V K D Y H W K L V F D S D E L O L W R U L W F D Q E H F X V W R P L ] H G E W K H 0 1 ( $ I L Q D O Q R W H R Q F R X Q W U F X O W X U H , W Z L O O K D Y H D Q H I I H F W R Q D O O W K H D F W L Y L W L H V D Q G S U R J U D P V R I W K H , + 5 0 I X Q F W L R Q L Q F O X G L Q J V H O H F W L R Q W U D L Q L Q J F R P S H Q V D W L R Q D Q G S H U I R U P D Q F H P D Q D J H P H Q W ( [ S D W U L D W H ) D L O X U H D Q G & D X V H V ( [ S D W U L D W H I D L O X U H L V G H I L Q H G D V W K H U H W X U Q R I D Q H [ S D W U L D W H W R W K H K R P H F R X Q W U E H I R U H W K H S H U L R G R I W K H D V V L J Q P H Q W K D V E H H Q F R P S O H W H G 7 K X V H [ S D W U L D W H I D L O X U H U H S U H V H Q W V D Q H U U R U L Q D V H O H F W L R Q R U I R O O R Z X S G H F L V L R Q 7 K H U H L V V X F K D Q H P S K D V L V R Q H [ S D W U L D W H I D L O X U H E H F D X V H R I L W V F R V W V W R W K H 0 1 ( 7 K H V H F R V W V D U H E R W K G L U H F W D Q G L Q G L U H F W ‘ L U H F W F R V W V L Q F O X G H W K H D F W X D O P R Q H V S H Q W R Q V H O H F W L Q J D Q G W U D L Q L Q J U H O R F D W L R Q F R V W V I R U W K H H [ S D W U L D W H D Q G I D P L O D Q G V D O D U 7 K H V H F R V W V F D Q E H T X L W H V X E V W D Q W L D O + R Z H Y H U L Q G L U H F W F R V W V F D Q I U H T X H Q W O E H K L J K H U W K D Q G L U H F W F R V W V , Q G L U H F W F R V W V D U H K D U G H U W R T X D Q W L I E X W W K H F R X O G L Q F O X G H O R V V R I P D U N H W V K D U H L Q W K H F R X Q W U Q H J D W L Y H U H D F W L R Q V I U R P W K H K R V W F R X Q W U V J R Y H U Q P H Q W D Q G S R V V L E O H Q H J D W L Y H H I I H F W V R Q O R F D O H P S O R H H P R U D O H ) R U H [ D P S O H H [ S D W U L D W H I D L O X U H F R X O G O H D G D O R F D O K R V W J R Y H U Q P H Q W W R L Q V L V W W K D W L Q W K H I X W X U H R Q O D Q + & 1 I L O O W K H S R V L W L R Q ) L Q D O O W K H U H Z L O O E H W K H L Q G L U H F W F R V W V H [ S H U L H Q F H G E W K H U H W X U Q L Q J H [ S D W U L D W H L Q W H U P V R I S H U V R Q D O I D L O X U H O R V V R I U H V S H F W E S H H U V D Q G S R V V L E O Q H J D W L Y H L Q I O X H Q F H V R Q I X W X U H S U R P R W L R Q V : K D W D U H W K H F D X V H V R I H [ S D W U L D W H I D L O X U H ” $ O W K R X J K W K H U H K D V E H H Q F R Q V L G H U D E O H U H V H D U F K R Q W K L V W R S L F W K H D Q V Z H U L V Q R W F R P S O H W H O F O H D U , W L V V D I H W R V D W K D W R Q H F D Q Q R W J H Q H U D O L ] H I U R P W K H U H V H D U F K U H V X O W V W R H Y H U H [ S D W U L D W H V L W X D W L R Q K R Z H Y H U W K H U H V X O W V G R S U R Y L G H D J X L G H W R W K H L Q I R U P D W L R Q W K D W V K R X O G E H F R O O H F W H G G X U L Q J W K H V H O H F W L R Q R I H [ S D W U L D W H V , Q J H Q H U D O R Q H F R X O G V W D W H W K D W W K H P D M R U I D F W R U D I I H F W 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D Q H [ F K D Q J H E H W Z H H Q W K H R U J D Q L ] D W L R Q D Q G W K H H P S O R H H ) X U W K H U P R U H W K H S U R V S H F W L Y H H [ S D W U L D W H V I D P L O P X V W E H L Q Y R O Y H G L Q W K H H [ F K D Q J H , Q W H U P V R I W K H X W L O L W R I V H O H F W L R Q W K D W L V L W V F R V W H I I H F W L Y H Q H V V F R Y H U H G L Q & K D S W H U P D N L Q J D P L V W D N H L V H [ W U H P H O F R V W O , + 5 0 S U R I H V V L R Q D O V P X V W E H F R J Q L ] D Q W R I W K H F D X V H V R I H [ S D W U L D W H I D L O X U H Z K H Q G H Y H O R S L Q J W K H V H O H F W L R Q S U R F H G X U H V I R U H [ D P S O H W H V W V R U L Q W H U Y L H Z V D Q G D O V R K D Y H D Q X Q G H U V W D Q G L Q J R I W K H F U R V V F X O W X U D O L V V X H V L Q W K H H Y D O X D W L R Q D Q G U H F R P P H Q G D W L R Q R I H P S O R H H V I R U D Q H [ S D W U L D W H D V V L J Q P H Q W 7 K H I D F W R U V L Q Y R O Y H G L Q W K H V H O H F W L R Q R I H [ S D W U L D W H V 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R I ( [ S D W U L D W H V $ V Z D V G R Q H L Q W K H S U H Y L R X V V H F W L R Q D O O P D Q D J H U V L Q D Q 0 1 ( Z L O O E H F R Q V L G H U H G D V H [ S D W U L D W H V V L Q F H W K H L U F D U H H U D V V L J Q P H Q W V D Q G G H Y H O R S P H Q W W S L F D O O P H D Q W K D W W K H Z L O O P R Y H I U R P F R X Q W U W R F R X Q W U 7 U D L Q L Q J D Q G G H Y H O R S P H Q W D F W L Y L W L H V D Q G S U R J U D P V L Q 0 1 ( V D O V R L Q F O X G H Q R Q P D Q D J H U L D O H P S O R H H V R I D O O W S H V 3 & 1 V + & 1 V D Q G 7 & 1 V % H F D X V H W U D G L W L R Q D O W U D L Q L Q J D Q G G H Y H O R S P H Q W Z H U H F R Y H U H G L Q G H W D L O L Q & K D S W H U P R V W N L Q G V R I W S L F D O R U J D Q L ] D W L R Q D O W U D L Q L Q J H J R U L H Q W D W L R Q R U W H F K Q L F D O W U D L Q L Q J Z L O O Q R W E H G L V F X V V H G + R Z H Y H U W K H X V H R I D Q + 5 , 6 D Q G L W V D S S O L F D W L R Q V Z L O O V W L O O E H G L V F X V V H G , Q I D F W W K H W U D L Q L Q J D S S O L F D W L R Q V W K D W D U H L Q W H J U D W H G L Q W R W K H + 5 , 6 D U H L Q F U H D V L Q J O X V H I X O I R U W U D L Q L Q J H [ S D W U L D W H V 1 R W R Q O Z L O O W K H H [ S D W U L D W H V S H U V R Q D O Z R U N H [ S H U L H Q F H D Q G V N L O O V L Q I R U P D W L R Q V W R U H G R Q W K H + 5 , 6 E H H D V L O D F F H V V L E O H E X W D O V R W K H U H V X O W V R I W K H W U D L Q L Q J L Q W H U P V R I H [ S D W U L D W H V X F F H V V R U I D L O X U H F D Q E H U H F R U G H G 7 K L V L Q I R U P D W L R Q V K R X O G E H X V H I X O I R U I X W X U H H [ S D W U L D W H V H O H F W L R Q 7 K H F R U S R U D W H , + 5 0 G H S D U W P H Q W K D V U H V S R Q V L E L O L W I R U D O O W U D L Q L Q J K R Z H Y H U W K L V U H V S R Q V L E L O L W L V X V X D O O G H F H Q W U D O L ] H G E G H O H J D W L Q J L W W R W K H 0 1 ( V V X E V L G L D U L H V 7 K H U H P D E H W U D L Q L Q J S U R J U D P V G H Y H O R S H G D W W K 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W H D V V L J Q P H Q W L V X V H G E 0 1 ( V D V D F D U H H U G H Y H O R S P H Q W S U R F H V V I R U P D Q D J H U V 7 K X V W K H 0 1 ( K D V V L J Q L I L F D Q W H F R Q R P L F U H D V R Q V I R U X V L Q J H [ S D W U L D W H V : K H Q R Q H F D O F X O D W H V W K H S R W H Q W L D O G L U H F W D Q G L Q G L U H F W F R V W V R I H [ S D W U L D W H I D L O X U H W K H D P R X Q W R I W K H L Q Y H V W P H Q W L Q F U H D V H V 7 K H 0 1 ( P D N H V D P D M R U L Q Y H V W P H Q W L Q V H O H F W L Q J H P S O R H H V I R U S O D F H P H Q W L Q L W V V X E V L G L D U L H V D Q G W U D L Q L Q J S U R J U D P V D U H D Q R W K H U , + 5 0 H O H P H Q W X V H G W R S U R W H F W W K D W L Q Y H V W P H Q W 3 U H G H S D U W X U H 7 U D L Q L Q J , W V K R X O G E H Q R W H G W K D W S U H G H S D U W X U H W U D L Q L Q J S U R J U D P V G R Q R W I R F X V R Q W K H W H F K Q L F D O D E L O L W R I W K H H [ S D W U L D W H X Q O H V V W K H U H D U H Q H Z W H F K Q L F 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W U D L Q L Q J S U R J U D P V Z L O O H Q D E O H W K H 0 1 ( W R P D N H P R U H H I I H F W L Y H G H F L V L R Q V D E R X W H [ S D W U L D W H V D Q G W K H L U W U D L Q L Q J L Q W K H I X W X U H 3 H U I R U P D Q F H $ S S U D L V D O L Q 0 1 ( V 3 H U I R U P D Q F H D S S U D L V D O L V D Q L P S R U W D Q W S U R F H V V I R U G R F X P H Q W L Q J W K H S H U I R U P D Q F H R I H P S O R H H V G H W H U P L Q L Q J D U H D V I R U G H Y H O R S P H Q W G H F L G L Q J R Q S D L Q F U H D V H V D Q G S U R P R W L R Q D O R S S R U W X Q L W L H V D Q G J L Y L Q J H P S O R H H V W K H R S S R U W X Q L W W R H [ S U H V V W K H L U Y L H Z V 9 R Q * O L Q R Z ‘ U R V W 7 H D J D U G H Q 7 K H W S H R I S H U I R U P D Q F H D S S U D L V D O F R Q G X F W H G D Q G L W V F R Q W H Q W G H S H Q G R Q W K H V S H F L I L F M R E U H T X L U H P H Q W V D Q G S H U V R Q D O D W W U L E X W H V R I W K H S H U V R Q E H L Q J D S S U D L V H G 6 F K X O H U % X G K Z D U ) O R U N R Z V N L 7 K L V L V S D U W L F X O D U O W U X H Z K H Q Z H F R P S D U H W K H D S S U D L V D O R I H [ S D W U L D W H V Z L W K W K D W R I + & 1 D Q G 7 & 1 H P S O R H H V 7 K H V H F W L R Q L Q & K D S W H U R Q S H U I R U P D Q F H H Y D O X D W L R Q D Q G S H U I R U P D Q F H S O D Q Q L Q J F R Y H U V D Q X P E H U R I + 5 , 6 D S S O L F D W L R Q V W K D W F R X O G E H X V H G I R U S H U I R U P D Q F H D S S U D L V D O L Q D Q 0 1 ( 1 D W X U D O O W K H L Q F O X V L R Q R I S O D Q W V Z L W K D G L Y H U V H H P S O R H H S R S X O D W L R Q L Q P X O W L S O H F R X Q W U L H V F U H D W H V F R Q V L G H U D E O H F R P S O H [ L W S D U W L F X O D U O Z K H Q W K H U H V X O W V R I W K H D S S U D L V D O V D U H E H L Q J X V H G W R P R Y H P D Q D J H U V I U R P F R X Q W U W R F R X Q W U + R Z H Y H U P R V W Y H Q G R U V R I + 5 , 6 S U R G X F W V K D Y H S D F N D J H G V R I W Z D U H D S S O L F D W L R Q V D Y D L O D E O H W K D W F D Q E H P R G L I L H G I R U O R F D O F R Q G L W L R Q V L Q H D F K V S H F L I L F F R X Q W U , P S R U W D Q W F R Q V L G H U D W L R Q V L Q W K H D S S U D L V D O R I D Q H [ S D W U L D W H V S H U I R U P D Q F H D U H Z K R V K R X O G F R Q G X F W W K H D S S U D L V D O D Q G Z K D W S H U I R U P D Q F H F U L W H U L D D U H V S H F L I L F W R W K H H [ S D W U L D W H V V L W X D W L R Q 6 Q H O O H W D O 7 K H I L U V W T X H V W L R Q L V Z K R V K R X O G F R P S O H W H W K H S H U I R U P D Q F H D S S U D L V D O 7 S L F D O O W K H S H U I R U P D Q F H R I H P S O R H H V L V D S S U D L V H G E W K H L U V X S H U Y L V R U V ( [ S D W U L D W H P D Q D J H U V D U H J H R J U D S K L F D O O G L V W D Q F H G I U R P W K H L U S D U H Q W F R X Q W U V X S H U Y L V R U V D Q G D V D U H V X O W V X S H U Y L V R U V Z K R D U H O R F D W H G L Q W K H S D U H Q W F R X Q W U F D Q Q R W R E V H U Y H W K H G D W R G D D F W L Y L W L H V R I W K H V H H P S O R H H V ‘ R Z O L Q J H W D O 7 K H U H I R U H P D Q D J H U V R I H [ S D W U L D W H V W H Q G W R E D V H W K H L U H Y D O X D W L R Q V R I W K H S H U V R Q R Q W K H R E M H F W L Y H F U L W H U L D X V H G I R U R W K H U H P S O R H H V L Q V L P L O D U S R V L W L R Q V O R F D W H G L Q W K H S D U H Q W F R X Q W U $ S R W H Q W L D O S U R E O H P Z L W K W K L V W S H R I D V V H V V P H Q W L V W K D W W K H S D U H Q W F R X Q W U P D Q D J H U G R H V Q R W K D Y H G L U H F W L Q I R U P D W L R Q R U R E V H U Y D W L R Q D O G D W D D E R X W W K H P R U H V X E M H F W L Y H S H U I R U P D Q F H F U L W H U L D V X F K D V W K H H [ S D W U L D W H P D Q D J H U V O H D G H U V K L S V N L O O V R U S H U I R U P D Q F H Z L W K L Q W K H F R Q W H [ W R I W K H V X E V L G L D U % R U P D Q 0 R W R Z L G O R 0 R U H R Y H U W K H V X S H U Y L V R U O R F D W H G L Q W K H S D U H Q W F R X Q W U P D Q R W E H D Z D U H R I F X O W X U D O O E R X Q G E L D V H V W K D W F R Q V W U D L Q W K H M R E S H U I R U P D Q F H R I W K H H [ S D W U L D W H P D Q D J H U % H F D X V H R I W K H V H F R P S O H [ L W L H V L W P D E H P R V W D S S U R S U L D W H W R R E W D L Q P X O W L S O H U D W L Q J V R I W K H H [ S D W U L D W H V S H U I R U P D Q F H W K U R X J K W K H X V H R I D p I H H G E D F N V V W H P ‘ R Z O L Q J H W D O 5 D W L Q J V R I W K H H [ S D W U L D W H P D Q D J H U V S H U I R U P D Q F H F R X O G E H J D U Q H U H G I U R P K L V R U K H U V X S H U L R U V S H H U V D Q G V X E R U G L Q D W H V L Q W K H H [ S D W U L D W H D V V L J Q P H Q W D V Z H O O D V I U R P W K H H [ S D W U L D W H K L P V H O I R U K H U V H O I 7 K L V Z R X O G S U R Y L G H D F O H D U H U S L F W X U H R I W K H H [ S D W U L D W H V W R W D O M R E S H U I R U P D Q F H , Q I D F W L Q D V W X G R I 8 6 P X O W L Q D W L R Q D O I L U P V * U H J H U V H Q + L W H D Q G % O D F N I R X Q G W K D W R I W K H F R P S D Q L H V X V H G P R U H W K D Q R Q H U D W H U Z K H Q D V V H V V L Q J W K H M R E S H U I R U P D Q F H R I H [ S D W U L D W H H P S O R H H V ( Y L G H Q W O + 5 , 6 Z L W K F X O W X U D O O F R Q V L V W H Q W X V H U L Q W H U I D F H V D Q G Z H O O G H V L J Q H G S U L Y D F V H F X U L W D Q G X V H I X O R X W S X W V P D J R D O R Q J Z D W R J X D U D Q W H H D F F H S W D Q F H D Q G F U H D W H D Q H T X D O L W D U L D Q R U J D Q L ] D W L R Q D O F X O W X U H 0 D Q D J L Q J , Q W H U Q D W L R Q D O & R P S H Q V D W L R Q 7 K H P D Q D J H P H Q W R I F R P S H Q V D W L R Q L Q D Q 0 1 ( L V R Q H R I W K H P R V W F R P S O H [ E X W F U L W L F D O O L P S R U W D Q W I X Q F W L R Q V R I W K H , + 5 0 G H S D U W P H Q W , W V F R P S O H [ L W F R P H V I U R P K D Y L Q J D P L [ R I 3 & 1 V + & 1 V D Q G 7 & 1 V Z L W K L Q R Q H F R P S D Q D Q G W K X V K D Y L Q J W R K D Q G O H Z D J H V D O D U D Q G E H Q H I L W V L Q I R U P D W L R Q W K D W G L I I H U V D F U R V V F R X Q W U L H V $ V D U H V X O W W K H , + 5 0 F R P S H Q V D W L R Q P D Q D J H U P X V W E H D Z D U H R I G L I I H U H Q F H V L Q W D [ D W L R Q O D E R U O D Z V D I I H F W L Q J F R P S H Q V D W L R Q D Q G E H Q H I L W V F X U U H Q F I O X F W X D W L R Q V D Q G F R V W R I O L Y L Q J G L I I H U H Q F H V Z L W K L Q D Q G E H W Z H H Q F R X Q W U L H V Z K H U H W K H 0 1 ( K D V D S U H V H Q F H 7 K H F U L W L F D O L W R I F R P S H Q V D W L R Q D Q G E H Q H I L W V P D Q D J H P H Q W E W K H , + 5 0 U H V W V L Q S D U W R Q W K H H I I H F W V W K D W V D O D U D Q G E H Q H I L W V K D Y H R Q H P S O R H H P R W L Y D W L R Q , Q V S L W H R I G L I I H U H Q F H V D F U R V V F R X Q W U L H V U H J D U G L Q J W K H P R W L Y D W L R Q D O I D F W R U V L Q W K H Z R U N S O D F H P R Q H V H H P V W R E H F R Q V L V W H Q W O D W W K H W R S R I W K H O L V W , Q W K L V F K D S W H U F R P S H Q V D W L R Q Z L O O U H I H U W R W K H H Q W L U H Z D J H V V D O D U L H V E H Q H I L W V D Q G H [ W U D D O O R Z D Q F H V D Y D L O D E O H L Q D Q 0 1 ( 7 K H R W K H U U H D V R Q I R U W K H F U L W L F D O L P S R U W D Q F H R I F R P S H Q V D W L R Q P D Q D J H P H Q W L Q V X E V L G L D U L H V L V L W V O L Q N W R W K H V W U D W H J R I W K H 0 1 ( 7 R K H O S X V X Q G H U V W D Q G V R P H R I W K H L P S R U W D Q W H O H P H Q W V D Q G G Q D P L F V R I F R P S H Q V D W L R Q L Q D Q 0 1 ( W K L V V H F W L R Q Z L O O F R Y H U W K H R E M H F W L Y H V R I L Q W H U Q D W L R Q D O F R P S H Q V D W L R Q W K H F R P S R Q H Q W V R I L Q W H U Q D W L R Q D O F R P S H Q V D W L R Q D Q G W Z R D S S U R D F K H V W R L Q W H U Q D W L R Q D O F R P S H Q V D W L R Q 7 K H 2 E M H F W L Y H V R I , Q W H U Q D W L R Q D O & R P S H Q V D W L R Q 3 R O L F $ F W X D O O W K H R E M H F W L Y H V R I D F R P S H Q V D W L R Q S R O L F L Q D Q 0 1 ( D U H V L P L O D U W R W K R V H L Q D G R P H V W L F F R P S D Q , W K D V E H H Q I D L U O Z H O O H V W D E O L V K H G L Q W K H P D Q D J H P H Q W U H V H D U F K O L W H U D W X U H W K D W F R P S H Q V D W L R Q D G P L Q L V W U D W L R Q L V F O R V H O U H O D W H G W R W K H V W U D W H J R I W K H I L U P ) R U H [ D P S O H L I W K H F R P S D Q K D V I R U H F D V W H G L Q F U H D V H G V D O H V L Q W K H Q H [ W H D U D Q G W K X V K D V G H W H U P L Q H G D Q H H G I R U Q H Z H P S O R H H V Z L W K V S H F L D O L ] H G V N L O O V L W P D E H Q H F H V V D U W R S D D E R Y H W K H O D E R U P D U N H W V J R L Q J V D O D U U D W H L Q R U G H U W R J H W W K H E H V W D Y D L O D E O H L Q G L Y L G X D O V 7 K L V Q H F H V V L W Z R X O G E H H V S H F L D O O W U X H Z K H Q L Q I R U P D W L R Q I U R P W K H O D E R U P D U N H W L Q G L F D W H V W K D W W K H U H L V D V K R U W D J H R I S H R S O H L Q D S D U W L F X O D U F R X Q W U K D Y L Q J W K H V N L O O V Q H H G H G I R U W K H W D U J H W M R E I R U H [ D P S O H F R P S X W H U S U R J U D P P H U V 6 L P L O D U O Z K H Q W K H O D E R U P D U N H W V W D W L V W L F V L Q G L F D W H W K D W W K H U H L V D Q D E X Q G D Q F H R I S H R S O H Z L W K W K H V N L O O V Q H F H V V D U I R U D V S H F L I L F M R E L W Z R X O G E H U H F R P P H Q G H G W K D W W K H F R P S H Q V D W L R Q O H Y H O P D W F K W K H O D E R U P D U N H W Y D O X H V $ V L Q D G R P H V W L F I L U P W K H I L U V W R E M H F W L Y H I R U D Q 0 1 ( L V W R D O L J Q L W V F R P S H Q V D W L R Q D G P L Q L V W U D W L R Q Z L W K W K H V W U D W H J R I W K H I L U P 2 I F R X U V H F R P S D U H G Z L W K W K H G R P H V W L F I L U P W K L V D O L J Q P H Q W L V P X F K P R U H F R P S O H [ I R U W K H 0 1 ( , W U H T X L U H V W K H 0 1 ( W R K D Y H D F F X U D W H D Q G X S W R G D W H O D E R U P D U N H W F R P S H Q V D W L R Q L Q I R U P D W L R Q I R U D O O W K H F R X Q W U L H V L Q Z K L F K L W K D V D S U H V H Q F H 7 K L V U H T X L U H P H Q W L V R Q H R I W K H P R V W S R Z H U I X O D G Y D Q W D J H V R I K D Y L Q J D Q + 5 , 6 Z L W K O D E R U P D U N H W L Q I R U P D W L R Q I R U W K H , + 5 0 G H S D U W P H Q W / D E R U P D U N H W V W D W L V W L F V V X F K D V D Y H U D J H F R P S H Q V D W L R Q D V Z H O O D V I R U H F D V W H G V K R U W D J H V D Q G V X U S O X V H V I R U M R E V D U H D Y D L O D E O H I R U P R V W F R X Q W U L H V D Q G F D Q E H V W R U H G L Q W K H + 5 , 6 7 K H D S S O L F D W L R Q V L Q W K H F R P S X W H U V R I W Z D U H W K D W S U R G X F H D Q D O V H V R I W K H V H G D W D Z R X O G E H T X L W H V L P L O D U W R W K R V H G H V F U L E H G L Q & K D S W H U + R Z H Y H U L W V K R X O G E H F O H D U W K D W W K H U H S R U W V J H Q H U D W H G I U R P W K H + 5 , 6 Z R X O G E H V L J Q L I L F D Q W O P R U H F R P S O H [ L Q D Q 0 1 ( V L Q F H P X O W L S O H F R X Q W U L H V Z R X O G E H L Q Y R O Y H G 7 K H V H F R Q G R E M H F W L Y H R I F R P S H Q V D W L R Q D G P L Q L V W U D W L R Q L Q D Q 0 1 ( D V L Q D G R P H V W L F I L U P L V W R D I I H F W H P S O R H H P R W L Y D W L R Q L Q V H Y H U D O Z D V , W P X V W P R W L Y D W H H P S O R H H V W R M R L Q W K H I L U P E H S U R G X F W L Y H Z K L O H P H P E H U V R I W K H I L U P D Q G V W D Z L W K W K H I L U P ( P S O R H H P R W L Y D W L R Q W K H Q L V D Q L P S R U W D Q W R E M H F W L Y H R I D Q 0 1 ( V L Q W H U Q D W L R Q D O F R P S H Q V D W L R Q S R O L F Z K L F K L V F R P S O L F D W H G V L Q F H P X O W L S O H F X O W X U H V D U H L Q Y R O Y H G $ O W K R X J K P R V W F X O W X U H V V H H P R Q H W D U U H Z D U G V D V P R W L Y D W L R Q D O W K H U H D U H F O H D U G L I I H U H Q F H V D F U R V V Z R U O G F X O W X U H V L Q W H U P V R I W K H R W K H U I D F W R U V W K D W P R W L Y D W H H P S O R H H E H K D Y L R U V ) R U H [ D P S O H W K H P H D Q L Q J I X O Q H V V R I W K H Z R U N P D E H Y H U L P S R U W D Q W L Q V R P H F X O W X U H V Z K H U H D V W K H R S S R U W X Q L W I R U S U R P R W L R Q Z R X O G E H P R V W L P S R U W D Q W L Q R W K H U F X O W X U H V 7 K H I L Q D O R E M H F W L Y H R I F R P S H Q V D W L R Q S R O L F I R U D Q 0 1 ( L V W K D W L W P X V W E H S H U F H L Y H G D V I D L U E W K H H P S O R H H V 7 K L V Q R W L R Q R I I D L U Q H V V R U H T X L W K D V E H H Q V K R Z Q W R E H D S R Z H U I X O P R W L Y D W R U R I K X P D Q E H K D Y L R U & R O T X L W W & R Q O R Q : H V V R Q 3 R U W H U 1 J D Q G L W P D E H W K H P R V W L P S R U W D Q W R E M H F W L Y H R I D Q L Q W H U Q D W L R Q D O F R P S H Q V D W L R Q S R O L F * L Y H Q W K H P L [ R I H P S O R H H V I U R P G L I I H U H Q W F R P S D Q L H V 3 & 1 V + & 1 V 7 & 1 V S H U F H L Y H G R U U H D O G L I I H U H Q F H V L Q Z D J H V R U E H Q H I L W V E H W Z H H Q J U R X S V R I H P S O R H H V F R X O G O H D G W R F R Q V L G H U D E O H G L V V D W L V I D F W L R Q D P R Q J W K H O H V V S U L Y L O H J H G J U R X S V D Q G F R Q V H T X H Q W O D I I H F W W K H U H W H Q W L R Q R I H P S O R H H V ( D V L O X Q G H U V W D Q G D E O H X V H U L Q W H U I D F H V L Q F R P S H Q V D W L R Q U H O D W H G + 5 L Q I R U P D W L R Q V V W H P V V K R X O G E H H V V H Q W L D O I R U R U J D Q L ] D W L R Q V L Q W H U H V W H G L Q L Q F U H D V L Q J W U D Q V S D U H Q F L Q D Q G V D W L V I D F W L R Q Z L W K S D S D F N D J H V G H V L J Q H G W R V X S S R U W W K H F R P S D Q V V W U D W H J 7 K H & R P S R Q H Q W V R I , Q W H U Q D W L R Q D O & R P S H Q V D W L R Q 7 K H F R P S R Q H Q W V R I D Q L Q W H U Q D W L R Q D O F R P S H Q V D W L R Q V V W H P D U H Y H U V L P L O D U W R W K R V H R I D G R P H V W L F S U R J U D P 7 K H P D M R U F R P S R Q H Q W V D U H D E D V H V D O D U D Q G D V H W R I E H Q H I L W V + R Z H Y H U H [ W U D S D S U H P L X P V Z R X O G E H P X F K P R U H F R P S O H [ I R U D Q 0 1 ( ) R U H [ D P S O H W K H U H D U H I R U H L J Q V H U Y L F H R U K D U G V K L S S U H P L D I R U H [ S D W U L D W H V Z K H W K H U W K H D U H I U R P W K H S D U H Q W R U D W K L U G F R X Q W U 2 W K H U S U H P L X P V F R X O G E H E D V H G R Q W K H U L V N O H Y H O R I W K H D V V L J Q P H Q W L Q W K H F R X Q W U $ O W K R X J K P R V W G R P H V W L F F R P S D Q L H V J L Y H F R V W R I O L Y L Q J D O O R Z D Q F H V & 2 / $ V E D V H G R Q Z K H U H R Q H Z R U N V H J U X U D O Y V X U E D Q O R F D W L R Q V 0 1 ( V P X V W D O V R X V H E H W Z H H Q D Q G Z L W K L Q F R X Q W U & 2 / $ V W R K D Y H D Q H T X L W D E O H D Q G D W W U D F W L Y H F R P S H Q V D W L R Q V V W H P 7 K H V H F R Q V L G H U D W L R Q V D O R Q J Z L W K W K H R W K H U F R P S H Q V D W L R Q L V V X H V G L V F X V V H G P D N H P D Q D J L Q J W K H F R P S H Q V D W L R Q V V W H P D O L Y L Q J Q L J K W P D U H I R U W K H , + 5 0 G H S D U W P H Q W + D Y L Q J W K H H P S O R H H F R X Q W U D Q G F R P S H Q V D W L R Q E H Q H I L W V G D W D L Q D Q + 5 , 6 P H D Q V W K D W , + 5 0 S U R I H V V L R Q D O V K D Y H W K H D E L O L W W R D F F H V V L P S R U W D Q W L Q I R U P D W L R Q T X L F N O I R U P D N L Q J E R W K S R O L F D Q G R S H U D W L R Q D O G H F L V L R Q V D E R X W F R P S H Q V D W L R Q L Q D Q 0 1 ( 7 Z R $ S S U R D F K H V W R , Q W H U Q D W L R Q D O & R P S H Q V D W L R Q 7 K H , + 5 0 W H [ W E R R N V P H Q W L R Q H G H D U O L H U L Q W K L V F K D S W H U % U L V F R H 6 F K X O H U ‘ R Z O L Q J H W D O ( Y D Q V H W D O D O O G L V F X V V W Z R D S S U R D F K H V W R L Q W H U Q D W L R Q D O F R P S H Q V D W L R Q W K H J R L Q J U D W H D Q G W K H E D O D Q F H V K H H W D S S U R D F K H V , Q W K H J R L Q J U D W H R U K R V W F R X Q W U D S S U R D F K 6 Q H O O H W D O W K H E D V H V D O D U I R U L Q W H U Q D W L R Q D O H P S O R H H V L V W L H G W R W K H V D O D U O H Y H O V L Q W K H K R V W F R X Q W U ) R U H [ D P S O H D Q H [ S D W U L D W H Z R X O G H D U Q S D W K D W L V F R P S D U D E O H Z L W K W K H V D O D U L H V R I H P S O R H H V L Q W K H K R V W F R X Q W U 7 K X V W K H F R P S H Q V D W L R Q O H Y H O V I R U H P S O R H H V Z R X O G G H S H Q G R Q Z D J H V X U Y H V R I O R F D O Q D W L R Q D O V + & 1 V H [ S D W U L D W H V R I W K H V D P H Q D W L R Q D O L W D Q G H [ S D W U L D W H V R I D O O Q D W L R Q D O L W L H V ‘ R Z O L Q J H W D O ) R U O R Z S D F R X Q W U L H V W K H E D V H S D D Q G E H Q H I L W V F R X O G E H V X S S O H P H Q W H G Z L W K D G G L W L R Q D O S D P H Q W V , W V K R X O G E H R E Y L R X V W K D W + 5 , 6 D S S O L F D W L R Q V I R U F R P S H Q V D W L R Q E D V H G R Q W K H J R L Q J U D W H Z R X O G E H X V H I X O I R U H V W D E O L V K L Q J L Q L W L D O F R P S H Q V D W L R Q O H Y H O V S D U W L F X O D U O I R U H [ S D W U L D W H V + D Y L Q J W K L V G D W D E D V H Z R X O G D O V R E H T X L W H X V H I X O I R U K D Q G O L Q J F R P S O D L Q W V E D Q 0 1 ( H P S O R H H U H J D U G L Q J W K H H T X L W R I K L V R U K H U F R P S H Q V D W L R Q & R P S X W H U E D V H G F R P S H Q V D W L R Q D S S O L F D W L R Q V D U H D Y D L O D E O H I U R P W K H P D M R U S U R Y L G H U V R I V R I W Z D U H S O D W I R U P V V X F K D V 2 U D F O H R U 6 $ 3 7 K H V H F R Q G D S S U R D F K W R F R P S H Q V D W L R Q S R O L F W K H E D O D Q F H V K H H W D S S U R D F K K D V D V L W V J R D O W K H P D L Q W H Q D Q F H R I D K R P H F R X Q W U O L Y L Q J V W D Q G D U G S O X V D I L Q D Q F L D O L Q G X F H P H Q W I R U D F F H S W L Q J D Q L Q W H U Q D W L R Q D O D V V L J Q P H Q W $ V ‘ R Z O L Q J H W D O Q R W H 7 K H K R P H F R X Q W U S D D Q G E H Q H I L W V D U H W K H I R X Q G D W L R Q R I W K L V D S S U R D F K D G M X V W P H Q W V W R K R P H S D F N D J H W R E D O D Q F H D G G L W L R Q D O H [ S H Q G L W X U H L Q W K H K R V W F R X Q W U D Q G I L Q D Q F L D O L Q F H Q W L Y H V H [ S D W U L D W H K D U G V K L S S U H P L X P D U H D G G H G W R P D N H W K H S D F N D J H D W W U D F W L Y H $ O W K R X J K W K L V D S S U R D F K Z R X O G D S S H D U W R E H P R U H D W W U D F W L Y H W R W K H H [ S D W U L D W H L W K D V D G L V D G Y D Q W D J H I R U W K H , + 5 0 G H S D U W P H Q W L W F D Q E H Y H U F R P S O H [ W R D G P L Q L V W H U 6 R I W Z D U H D S S O L F D W L R Q V D Q G U H S R U W V I U R P D Q + 5 , 6 F D Q D V V L V W L Q X Q W D Q J O L Q J W K H V H R E M H F W L Y H V D Q G S U R E D E O S H U F H L Y H G L Q H T X D O L W L H V E X W , + 5 0 S U R I H V V L R Q D O D Q G O L Q H P D Q D J H U V D U H V W L O O U H T X L U H G W R H [ S O D L Q W K H V H S U R J U D P V W R H P S O R H H V , Q V X P F R P S H Q V D W L R Q L V S U R E D E O W K H P R V W G L I I L F X O W D Q G F R P S O H [ R I W K H + 5 S U R J U D P V W R L P S O H P H Q W D Q G D G P L Q L V W H U L Q D Q 0 1 ( + R Z H Y H U L W L V F U L W L F D O O L P S R U W D Q W W R W K H H T X L W H [ F K D Q J H R U S V F K R O R J L F D O F R Q W U D F W E H W Z H H Q W K H F R P S D Q D Q G L W V H P S O R H H V L Q F R Q V H T X H Q F H L W L V O L N H O W R D I I H F W H P S O R H H P R W L Y D W L R Q , Q W H U D F W L R Q V E H W Z H H Q H P S O R H H V D Q G W K H L U L P P H G L D W H V X S H U Y L V R U V L Q D G R P H V W L F H Q W H U S U L V H R U D Q 0 1 ( U H J D U G L Q J F R P S H Q V D W L R Q K D Y H W K H J U H D W H V W L P S D F W R Q P R W L Y D W L R Q R I W K H H P S O R H H V + D Y L Q J D Q + 5 , 6 S U R G X F H W K H Q H H G H G G D W D D Q G L Q I R U P D W L R Q R Q W K H H T X L W R I F R P S H Q V D W L R Q D P R Q J H P S O R H H V L V D W U H P H Q G R X V E R R Q W R H P S O R H H U H O D W L R Q V + 5 , 6 $ S S O L F D W L R Q V L Q , + 5 0 , Q W U R G X F W L R Q , W V K R X O G E H D S S D U H Q W I U R P W K H S U H Y L R X V V H F W L R Q V R I W K L V F K D S W H U W K D W + 5 0 L Q D Q 0 1 ( L V V L J Q L I L F D Q W O P R U H F R P S O H [ W K D Q L Q D G R P H V W L F I L U P $ V E X V L Q H V V E H F R P H V P R U H J O R E D O L J Q R U L Q J L W V L Q W H U Q D W L R Q D O D V S H F W V Z R X O G E H I R R O L V K 2 Q H R I W K H F K D O O H Q J H V I D F L Q J W K H V H F R P S D Q L H V O D V W F H Q W X U Z D V O D F N R I V R X U F H V I R U D Q G W K H V O R Z V S H H G R I W U D Q V P L V V L R Q R I L P S R U W D Q W + 5 L Q I R U P D W L R Q I R U H I I H F W L Y H P D Q D J H P H Q W G H F L V L R Q V + R Z H Y H U Z L W K W K H F X U U H Q W W H F K Q R O R J L H V D Q G D S S O L F D W L R Q V G L I I L F X O W L H V L Q H [ H F X W L Q J W K H E D V L F + 5 I X Q F W L R Q V R I S O D Q Q L Q J U H F U X L W L Q J V H O H F W L Q J W U D L Q L Q J D Q G P D Q D J L Q J S H U I R U P D Q F H L Q 0 1 ( V K D Y H E H H Q U H G X F H G W K U R X J K P R U H V R S K L V W L F D W H G D Q G E H W W H U L Q W H J U D W H G + 5 , 6 0 D V R Q V X J J H V W V W K D W W K H V X F F H V V I X O L P S O H P H Q W D W L R Q R I D Q + 5 , 6 G H S H Q G V R Q W K U H H I D F W R U V F K R R V L Q J W K H U L J K W Y H Q G R U I R U W H F K Q R O R J F K R R V L Q J W K H U L J K W S O D W I R U P I R U + 5 , 6 L P S O H P H Q W D W L R Q D Q G H Q V X U L Q J D V P R R W K F R P S D Q U R O O R X W – R K Q V R Q D Q G * X H X W D O D O V R V X J J H V W W K D W X V L Q J H [ W H U Q D O Y H Q G R U V L V J H Q H U D O O P R U H F R V W H I I H F W L Y H D Q G R I W H Q Z L O O S U R Y L G H D P R U H F R P S O H W H + 5 V R O X W L R Q S W K H J R R Q W R F R P S D U H F K R R V L Q J D Q L Q W H J U D W H G V R O X W L R Q W K D W V X S S R U W V P X O W L S O H + 5 V X E I X Q F W L R Q V Z L W K E H V W R I E U H H G V R O X W L R Q V L Q Z K L F K R U J D Q L ] D W L R Q V Z R U N Z L W K V H Y H U D O Y H Q G R U V W R V X S S O W K H E H V W D Y D L O D E O H + 5 , 6 V R O X W L R Q I R U H D F K R I W K H L U I X Q F W L R Q D O D U H D V 5 X O D Q G % R Q G D U R X N D O V R Q R W H W K D W H + 5 0 W U H Q G V P D K H O S G L V F H U Q W K H H [ W H Q W W R Z K L F K + 5 S U D F W L F H V D U H F R Q Y H U J L Q J R U G L Y H U J L Q J D F U R V V Q D W L R Q V 6 S H F L I L F + 5 , 6 D S S O L F D W L R Q V I R U 0 1 ( V K D Y H E H H Q Q R W H G S U H Y L R X V O P R V W O L Q F R Q F H U W Z L W K V R I W Z D U H S O D W I R U P V V X F K D V 2 U D F O H D Q G 6 $ 3 7 K H V H W Z R S O D W I R U P V K D Y H D O O + 5 D S S O L F D W L R Q V Q H H G H G I R U D J O R E D O F R U S R U D W L R Q 1 R W R Q O D U H W K H V H W K H R Q O V R I W Z D U H S U R Y L G H U V D Y D L O D E O H I R U V R I W Z D U H D S S O L F D W L R Q V L Q W K H , + 5 0 I L H O G E X W W K H D U H D O V R J R R G V W D U W L Q J S R L Q W V I R U W K H V W X G H Q W L Q W H U H V W H G L Q H [ D P L Q L Q J W K H Y D U L H W R I V R I W Z D U H W K D W F D Q E H X V H G L Q D Q + 5 , 6 7 K X V W K L V O D V W V H F W L R Q R I W K L V F K D S W H U Z L O O I R F X V R Q E U R D G H U L V V X H V L Q W K H D S S O L F D W L R Q D Q G X V H R I D Q + 5 , 6 L Q , + 5 0 3 U R E O H P V D Q G S R W H Q W L D O V R O X W L R Q V Z L O O E H H [ D P L Q H G D Q G G L V F X V V H G E U L H I O X Q G H U W K U H H W R S L F V R U J D Q L ] D W L R Q D O V W U X F W X U H I R U H I I H F W L Y H Q H V V , + 5 0 + 5 , 6 D G P L Q L V W U D W L Y H L V V X H V D Q G + 5 , 6 D S S O L F D W L R Q V L Q 0 1 ( V 2 U J D Q L ] D W L R Q D O 6 W U X F W X U H I R U ( I I H F W L Y H Q H V V 7 K H L V V X H R I W K H P R V W H I I H F W L Y H V W U X F W X U H I R U W K H R S H U D W L R Q R I D Q + 5 , 6 L Q D Q 0 1 ( K D V E H H Q D P R Y L Q J W D U J H W 7 K H P R V W F R P P R Q D G Y L F H U H J D U G L Q J W K H P D Q D J H P H Q W R I D Q 0 1 ( K D V E H H Q W R W K L Q N J O R E D O D F W O R F D O 7 K L V D G Y L F H D S S O L H V W R W K H W R W D O P D Q D J H P H Q W S U R F H V V R I D Q 0 1 ( L W V V W U D W H J R S H U D W L R Q V I L Q D Q F H P D U N H W L Q J D Q G + 5 D Q G K D V E H H Q I R O O R Z H G U H O L J L R X V O I R U P D Q H D U V L Q L Q W H U Q D W L R Q D O P D Q D J H P H Q W + R Z H Y H U % H D P D Q K D V S U R Y L G H G D U J X P H Q W V I R U D G L I I H U H Q W D S S U R D F K D W O H D V W L Q W H U P V R I W K H G H Y H O R S P H Q W D Q G X V H R I D Q + 5 , 6 L Q L Q W H U Q D W L R Q D O R U J D Q L ] D W L R Q V $ V V K H V W D W H V , P D L Q W D L Q W K D W Z H K D Y H E H H Q J R L Q J D E R X W J O R E D O L ] D W L R Q W K H Z U R Q J Z D 7 K H V O R J D Q 7 K L Q N * O R E D O $ F W / R F D O L V F R P S O H W H O W K H L Q Y H U V H R I Z K D W Z H V K R X O G E H G R L Q J Z L W K R X U + 5 , 7 > V Q R Q P I R U + 5 , 6 @ R U J D Q L ] D W L R Q V 5 D W K H U L W L V R Q O E I L U V W W K L Q N L Q J O R F D O O W R W U X O X Q G H U V W D Q G W K H Q H H G V R I R X U O R F D O E X V L Q H V V F R P P X Q L W L H V D Q G W K H Q D F W L Q J J O R E D O O W R V H D P O H V V O N Q L W W R J H W K H U G L Y H U V H E X V L Q H V V I X Q F W L R Q V D Q G V V W H P V L Q W R D K R O L V W L F J O R E D O D S S U R D F K W K D W Z H F D Q E X L O G D Q H I I H F W L Y H H I I L F L H Q W D Q G F R P S H W L W L Y H R U J D Q L ] D W L R Q S $ Z H O O H V W D E O L V K H G S L H F H R I D G Y L F H L Q W K H P D Q D J H P H Q W O L W H U D W X U H K D V E H H Q W K D W V W U X F W X U H G R H V Q R W G U L Y H V X F F H V V S H R S O H G R 6 R W R E X L O G D Q R U J D Q L ] D W L R Q D O V W U X F W X U H I R U D Q + 5 , 6 L Q D Q 0 1 ( Z H V K R X O G F R Q V L G H U % H D P D Q V Y H U U H D V R Q D E O H V X J J H V W L R Q , + 5 0 + 5 , 6 $ G P L Q L V W U D W L Y H , V V X H V 6 H U Y L F H 2 U L H Q W H G $ U F K L W H F W X U H , W P D E H U H S H W L W L Y H E X W L W L V L P S R U W D Q W W R U H H [ D P L Q H V R P H R I W K H + 5 , 6 D S S U R D F K H V F R Y H U H G L Q & K D S W H U L Q W H U P V R I + 5 , 6 D S S O L F D W L R Q V L Q D Q 0 1 ( 7 K H V H D S S O L F D W L R Q V F D Q E H P X F K P R U H X V H I X O L Q D Q L Q W H U Q D W L R Q D O I L U P W K D Q L Q D G R P H V W L F R Q H 2 Q H R I W K H P R V W L P S R U W D Q W D S S U R D F K H V I R U K D Q G O L Q J D G P L Q L V W U D W L Y H L V V X H V L Q D Q 0 1 ( L V W K H X V H R I D V H U Y L F H R U L H Q W H G D U F K L W H F W X U H 6 2 $ $ V G L V F X V V H G L Q & K D S W H U D Q 6 2 $ L V D S D U D G L J P I R U R U J D Q L ] L Q J D Q G X W L O L ] L Q J G L V W U L E X W H G > F R P S X W L Q J @ F D S D E L O L W L H V W K D W P D E H X Q G H U W K H F R Q W U R O R I G L I I H U H Q W R Z Q H U V K L S G R P D L Q V S U R Y L G L Q J D X Q L I R U P P H D Q V W R R I I H U G L V F R Y H U L Q W H U D F W Z L W K D Q G X V H F D S D E L O L W L H V W R S U R G X F H G H V L U H G > E X V L Q H V V @ H I I H F W V 2 $ 6 , 6 S 6 2 $ L V I R F X V H G R Q S U R Y L G L Q J D V H U Y L F H I R U D I X Q F W L R Q W K D W L V Z H O O G H I L Q H G V H O I F R Q W D L Q H G D Q G F R Q W H [ W D Q G S O D W I R U P L Q G H S H Q G H Q W D I X Q F W L R Q W K D W D G G V Y D O X H W R W K H R U J D Q L ] D W L R Q V E X V L Q H V V S X U S R V H U D W K H U W K D Q V L P S O E H L Q J I R F X V H G R Q W K H W H F K Q R O R J L W V H O I , Q H I I H F W 6 2 $ L V D F R O O H F W L R Q R I L Q W H U Q D O D Q G H [ W H U Q D O V H U Y L F H V W K D W F D Q F R P P X Q L F D W H Z L W K H D F K R W K H U E S R L Q W W R S R L Q W G D W D H [ F K D Q J H R U W K U R X J K F R R U G L Q D W L R Q D P R Q J G L I I H U H Q W V H U Y L F H V W R D F K L H Y H D E X V L Q H V V S X U S R V H $ V D U H V X O W D Q 6 2 $ F D Q F R P E L Q H P X O W L S O H E X V L Q H V V I X Q F W L R Q V I U R P G L I I H U H Q W R U J D Q L ] D W L R Q D O G H S D U W P H Q W V I R U H [ D P S O H S U R G X F W L R Q P D U N H W L Q J D Q G + 5 W K D W K D Y H V L P L O D U H O H F W U R Q L F W U D Q V D F W L R Q V V X F K D V F K D Q J H R I D G G U H V V R U V D O D U O H Y H O L Q W R D F H Q W U D O S U R F H V V L R Q X Q L W 6 2 $ V Z H U H F U H D W H G Z K H Q L W Z D V G L V F R Y H U H G W K D W W K H Y D U L R X V G H S D U W P H Q W V R I R U J D Q L ] D W L R Q V P D U N H W L Q J I L Q D Q F H R S H U D W L R Q V 5 ‘ D Q G + 5 Z H U H V W R U L Q J W K H V D P H E D V L F L Q I R U P D W L R Q R Q H P S O R H H V & U H D W L Q J D Q 6 2 $ Z D V D Z D W R X V H W K H , 7 F D S D E L O L W L H V R I D Q R U J D Q L ] D W L R Q P R U H H I I L F L H Q W O 2 X W V R X U F L Q J 2 I I V K R U L Q J D Q G , Q V R X U F L Q J 0 1 ( V Z H U H W K H I L U V W R U J D Q L ] D W L R Q V W R R X W V R X U F H P D Q R I W K H L U M R E V W K D W U H T X L U H G O R Z O H Y H O V R I V N L O O V H J F D O O F H Q W H U V 2 X W V R X U F L Q J L Q + 5 K D G E H H Q G R Q H I R U H D U V I R U H [ D P S O H X V L Q J $ X W R P D W L F ‘ D W D 3 U R F H V V L Q J , Q F Z Z Z D G S F R P F R U S R U D W H / D Q G L Q J I R U S D U R O O D G P L Q L V W U D W L R Q + R Z H Y H U W K H + 5 G H S D U W P H Q W V L Q W K H V Z H U H O R R N L Q J W R R X W V R X U F H R W K H U S U R J U D P V U H F U X L W L Q J D Q G V H O H F W L R Q W R V X S S R V H G O V D Y H P R Q H I R U W K H L U R S H U D W L R Q V 7 K X V X V L Q J W K H , Q W H U Q H W I R U R X W V R X U F L Q J + 5 S U R J U D P V E H F D P H D U H D O L W * X H X W D O 6 W R Q H : D O N H U 0 R V W R I W K H V H D S S U R D F K H V I D L O H G I R U D Y D U L H W R I U H D V R Q V W K H P D M R U R Q H K D G W R G R Z L W K W K H S U L Y D F D Q G F R Q I L G H Q W L D O L W R I H P S O R H H V S H U V R Q D O G D W D 6 W L O O E H F D X V H R I W K H W U H P H Q G R X V I L Q D Q F L D O E H Q H I L W V L I W K H 0 1 ( F R X O G X V H R X W V R X U F L Q J R U R I I V K R U L Q J W K H V H S U D F W L F H V F R Q W L Q X H G $ Q R W K H U P D M R U S U R E O H P K R Z H Y H U Z D V W K D W P D Q F R P S D Q L H V R X W V R X U F H G R U R I I V K R U H G + 5 I X Q F W L R Q V W K D W Z H U H D F U L W L F D O S D U W R I W K H S U L P D U E X V L Q H V V R I W K H R U J D Q L ] D W L R Q I R U H [ D P S O H W D O H Q W P D Q D J H P H Q W 7 K X V P D Q F R P S D Q L H V U H Y H U W H G W R L Q V R X U F L Q J F H U W D L Q E X V L Q H V V S U R F H V V H V S D U W L F X O D U O W K R V H L Q W K H + 5 G H S D U W P H Q W + 5 , 6 $ S S O L F D W L R Q V L Q 0 1 ( V $ V G L V F X V V H G L Q W K L V F K D S W H U P R V W R I W K H + 5 , 6 D S S O L F D W L R Q V D Y D L O D E O H I R U D G R P H V W L F F R P S D Q F D Q E H X V H G I R U 0 1 ( V + R Z H Y H U V R P H P R G L I L F D W L R Q V D U H Q H F H V V D U G X H W R W K H F R P S O H [ L W R I W K H G D W D E D V H L Q D Q 0 1 ( , Q W R G D V J O R E D O H Q Y L U R Q P H Q W D F F H V V W R G D W D I U R P D Q S K V L F D O O R F D W L R Q L Q W K H Z R U O G L V L Q F U H D V L Q J O L P S R U W D Q W 7 H D P V R I H P S O R H H V P D E H V W D W L R Q H G L Q 7 K D L O D Q G , Q G L D D Q G W K H 8 Q L W H G 6 W D W H V $ V F R Y H U H G L Q & K D S W H U W Z R L V V X H V D U L V H Z K H Q G D W D D U H V K D U H G D F U R V V Z L G H J H R J U D S K L F O R F D W L R Q V 7 K H V H D U H P D Q D J L Q J W K H G D D Q G W L P H R I D W U D Q V D F W L R Q D Q G G H W H U P L Q L Q J Z K H U H W R V W R U H W K H Y D U L R X V F R P S R Q H Q W V R I W K H E X V L Q H V V D S S O L F D W L R Q ‘ % 0 6 D Q G G D W D E D V H $ V S D U W R I D J O R E D O L Q I R U P D W L R Q V V W H P G H V L J Q R U J D Q L ] D W L R Q V K D Y H F K R V H Q W R E U H D N W K H L U E X V L Q H V V D S S O L F D W L R Q V D Q G ‘ % 0 6 L Q W R F R P S R Q H Q W V R I W H Q F D O O H G W L H U V 0 R U H G H W D L O R Q W L H U V Z D V F R Y H U H G L Q & K D S W H U 7 U D G L W L R Q D O F O L H Q W V H U Y H U D U F K L W H F W X U H V E U R N H D Q D S S O L F D W L R Q L Q W R W Z R W L H U V W S L F D O O Z L W K W K H X V H U L Q W H U I D F H D Q G V R P H E X V L Q H V V O R J L F R Q W K H X V H U V F R P S X W H U V X F K D V D 3 & W K H F O L H Q W D Q G W K H G D W D E D V H D Q G P D L Q V W U H D P S D U W V R I W K H D S S O L F D W L R Q V W R U H G R Q D V H U Y H U , Q W R G D V J O R E D O H Q Y L U R Q P H Q W Z L W K K L J K V S H H G G D W D Q H W Z R U N V 1 W L H U D U F K L W H F W X U H V H [ L V W Z L W K G D W D E D V H V D Q G D S S O L F D W L R Q V E H L Q J G L V W U L E X W H G D P R Q J P D Q G L I I H U H Q W F R P S X W H U V D U R X Q G W K H Z R U O G 6 R L I I R U H [ D P S O H R X D U H L Q D Q , Q W H U Q H W F D I L Q % D Q J N R N W U L Q J W R J H W L Q I R U P D W L R Q D E R X W R X U E H Q H I L W H O H F W L R Q W K H K R V W L Q J F R P S X W H U P D E H L Q / R Q G R Q D Q G W K H G D W D P D E H O R F D W H G R Q D F R P S X W H U L Q & K L F D J R , Q V X P F R P S X W H U Q H W Z R U N V D U H F U H D W H G W K D W S U R Y L G H L Q V W D Q W D F F H V V W R W K H V H R S H U D W L R Q D O G D W D D O O R Z L Q J U H D O W L P H G H F L V L R Q P D N L Q J F D S D E L O L W L H V U H J D U G O H V V R I R Q H V S K V L F D O O R F D W L R Q $ F H Q W U D O L ] H G G D W D E D V H D O O R Z V D F R P S D Q W R F R Q I L Q H L W V G D W D W R D V L Q J O H O R F D W L R Q D Q G W K H U H I R U H W R P R U H H D V L O F R Q W U R O G D W D L Q W H J U L W X S G D W L Q J E D F N X S T X H U L H V D Q G D F F H V V $ F R P S D Q Z L W K P D Q O R F D W L R Q V D Q G W H O H F R P P X W H U V K R Z H Y H U P X V W G H Y H O R S D F R P P X Q L F D W L R Q V L Q I U D V W U X F W X U H W R I D F L O L W D W H G D W D V K D U L Q J R Y H U D Z L G H J H R J U D S K L F D O D U H D 7 K H D G Y H Q W R I W K H , Q W H U Q H W D Q G D V W D Q G D U G L ] H G F R P P X Q L F D W L R Q S U R W R F R O P D G H W K H F H Q W U D O L ] H G G D W D E D V H V W U X F W X U H V D Q G J H R J U D S K L F D O O G L V S H U V H G G D W D V K D U L Q J I H D V L E O H 7 K H G D W D E D V H V W U X F W X U H V D Q G V V W H P D U F K L W H F W X U H V Z H K D Y H G L V F X V V H G Z R X O G E H Y H U X V H I X O W R D P X O W L Q D W L R Q D O H Q W H U S U L V H & R Q V L G H U W K H G L I I H U H Q F H V E H W Z H H Q D F R P S H Q V D W L R Q G D W D E D V H I R U D G R P H V W L F F R U S R U D W L R Q R S H U D W L Q J L Q D V L Q J O H O D E R U P D U N H W D Q G I R U D Q 0 1 ( 7 K H P X O W L Q D W L R Q D O V F R P S H Q V D W L R Q G D W D E D V H Z R X O G L Q F O X G H O D E R U P D U N H W G D W D I R U D O O F R X Q W U L H V L Q Z K L F K W K H 0 1 ( K D V D S U H V H Q F H I R U H [ D P S O H $ O V R D J U H D W Q X P E H U R I W K H P R G L I L F D W L R Q V W R D Q + 5 , 6 L Q D Q 0 1 ( Z R X O G E H G U L Y H Q E W K H G L I I H U H Q W O D E R U O D Z V D Q G U H J X O D W L R Q V R I W K H Y D U L R X V K R V W F R X Q W U L H V $ V Q R W H G W K H U H L V V R I W Z D U H D Y D L O D E O H I R U , + 5 0 E X W W K H X V H R I W K L V V R I W Z D U H G H P D Q G V W K D W W K H G D W D E D V H E H D F F X U D W H D Q G W L P H O % H L Q J D E O H W R F U H D W H D Q G D F F H V V U H S R U W V E D V H G R Q H P S O R H H G D W D D Q G G R L W T X L F N O U H T X L U H V W K D W W K H G D W D E H D F F X U D W H D Q G X S W R G D W H D Q D [ L R P W K D W K D V E H H Q H P S K D V L ] H G W K U R X J K R X W W K L V E R R N 6 X P P D U * O R E D O L ] D W L R Q L V D U H D O L W 7 Z H Q W I L Y H H D U V D J R L W Z D V W K H U H D O L W S U L P D U L O I R U P D M R U F R U S R U D W L R Q V R I W K H F D O L E H U R I * H Q H U D O ( O H F W U L F * ( R U , % 0 1 R Z L W K D V E H F R P H L Q F U H D V L Q J O L P S R U W D Q W I R U P L G V L ] H I L U P V W K H I D V W H V W J U R Z L Q J J U R X S L Q D O O F R X Q W U L H V 7 K L V F K D S W H U K D V H [ D P L Q H G W K H L P S O L F D W L R Q V R I W K L V J O R E D O L ] D W L R Q R Q W K H + 5 0 I X Q F W L R Q L Q 0 1 ( V D Q G K D V G R F X P H Q W H G W K H H [ S O R V L R Q R I W K H + 5 0 I X Q F W L R Q L Q W R D V H S D U D W H I L H O G , + 5 0 + R Z , + 5 0 K D V E H F R P H L Q F U H D V L Q J O F R P S O H [ E H [ S D Q G L Q J R Q W K H W U D G L W L R Q D O + 5 I X Q F W L R Q V R I V H O H F W L R Q W U D L Q L Q J D Q G F R P S H Q V D W L R Q Z D V D O V R F R Y H U H G 7 K H F R P S O H [ L W R I K D Y L Q J G L Y H U V L W R I H P S O R H H V 3 & 1 V + & 1 V D Q G 7 & 1 V D Q G R I F R Q W H Q G L Q J Z L W K W K H Y D U L Q J O D Z V D Q G S U D F W L F H V R I K R V W F R X Q W U L H V G L F W D W H G W K D W 0 1 ( V D E D Q G R Q W K H S D S H U D Q G S H Q F L O V V W H P I R U F R P S X W H U W H F K Q R O R J 7 K H D G Y D Q W D J H V R I K D Y L Q J H P S O R H H L Q I R U P D W L R Q V W R U H G P D Q L S X O D W H G D Q G U H S R U W H G X V L Q J F R P S X W H U W H F K Q R O R J Z H U H G L V F X V V H G U H O D W L Y H W R W K H X V H R I W K H V H F D S D E L O L W L H V L Q P X O W L S O H , + 5 0 S U R J U D P V + R Z H Y H U V R P H R I W K H P R U H F U L W L F D O L Q I R U P D W L R Q W K D W D Q + 5 , 6 F D Q V W R U H D Q D O ] H D Q G S U R G X F H U H S R U W V R Q L V F R Q W D L Q H G L Q W K H F X O W X U D O D Q G O H J D O S U R I L O H V R I F R X Q W U L H V 7 K L V L Q I R U P D W L R Q L V Y D O X D E O H L Q D O O W K H D F W L Y L W L H V D Q G S U R J U D P V R I W K H , + 5 0 G H S D U W P H Q W D Q G V L J Q L I L F D Q W O L Q I O X H Q F H V W K H P D Q D J H P H Q W R I W K H P D Q S D U W V R I D Q 0 1 ( . H 7 H U P V E D O D Q F H V K H H W D S S U R D F K F U R V V F X O W X U D O V X L W D E L O L W F X O W X U D O H Q Y L U R Q P H Q W R I F R X Q W U L H V F X O W X U D O Q R U P F X O W X U H F X O W X U H V K R F N G L U H F W F R V W V R I H [ S D W U L D W H I D L O X U H G R P H V W L F + 5 0 ( X U R S H D Q 8 Q L R Q ( 8 H [ S D W U L D W H H [ S D W U L D W H I D L O X U H J O R E D O F R U S R U D W L R Q J O R E D O L ] D W L R Q R I E X V L Q H V V J R L Q J U D W H D S S U R D F K K R V W F R X Q W U D S S U R D F K K R V W F R X Q W U Q D W L R Q D O V + & 1 V L Q G L U H F W F R V W V R I H [ S D W U L D W H I D L O X U H L Q W H U Q D W L R Q D O F R U S R U D W L R Q L Q W H U Q D W L R Q D O K X P D Q U H V R X U F H P D Q D J H P H Q W , + 5 0 P X O W L Q D W L R Q D O F R U S R U D W L R Q P X O W L Q D W L R Q D O H Q W H U S U L V H V 0 1 ( V S D U H Q W F R X Q W U Q D W L R Q D O V 3 & 1 V S U H G H S D U W X U H W U D L Q L Q J U H S D W U L D W L R Q 7 K L Q N J O R E D O D F W O R F D O W K L U G F R X Q W U Q D W L R Q D O V 7 & 1 V W U D Q V Q D W L R Q D O F R U S R U D W L R Q ‘ L V F X V V L R Q 4 X H V W L R Q V ‘ H V F U L E H W K H G L I I H U H Q F H V E H W Z H H Q G R P H V W L F D Q G L Q W H U Q D W L R Q D O + 5 0 : K D W D U H W K H G L I I H U H Q W W S H V R I R U J D Q L ] D W L R Q D O I R U P V W K D W F R U S R U D W L R Q V X V H I R U L Q W H U Q D W L R Q D O R S H U D W L R Q V ” : K D W D U H W K H W K U H H W S H V R I H P S O R H H V Z K R Z R U N L Q 0 1 ( V ” ( [ S O D L Q K R Z D Q + & 1 F R X O G F K D Q J H W R E H F R P H D 7 & 1 L Q D Q 0 1 ( ‘ H V F U L E H W K H V W D I I L Q J S U R F H V V L Q D Q 0 1 ( + R Z G R H V L W G L I I H U I U R P W K D W R I D G R P H V W L F R Q O F R U S R U D W L R Q ” : K D W D U H W K H P D L Q F D X V H V R I H [ S D W U L D W H I D L O X U H ” ‘ H V F U L E H D W U D L Q L Q J S U R J U D P I R U H [ S D W U L D W H V , Q Z K D W Z D V G R + 5 , 6 K H O S L P S U R Y H W K H L U H I I H F W L Y H Q H V V D Q G H I I L F L H Q F ” : K L V L W U H F R P P H Q G H G W K D W W K H I D P L O R I W K H H [ S D W U L D W H D O V R U H F H L Y H W U D L Q L Q J ” , V W K H U H D E H V W P H W K R G I R U F R P S O H W L Q J S H U I R U P D Q F H D S S U D L V D O V I R U H D F K R I W K H W K U H H G L I I H U H Q W W S H V R I H P S O R H H V L Q D Q 0 1 ( ” , I V R G H V F U L E H W K H Z D V L Q Z K L F K D Q + 5 , 6 P D K H O S : K D W D U H W K H P D L Q R E M H F W L Y H V R I D Q L Q W H U Q D W L R Q D O F R P S H Q V D W L R Q S O D Q ” : R X O G D Q L Q W H J U D W H G V R O X W L R Q R U D E H V W R I E U H H G V R O X W L R Q P D N H P R U H V H Q V H I R U D O D U J H P D Q X I D F W X U L Q J F R U S R U D W L R Q ” ‘ R R X E H O L H Y H W K D W R X U D Q V Z H U Z R X O G E H G L I I H U H Q W I R U D P L G V L ] H G F R P S D Q L Q W K H V D P H L Q G X V W U ” ( [ S O D L Q R X U D Q V Z H U : K D W D U H W K H P R G L I L F D W L R Q V Q H F H V V D U I R U X V L Q J + 5 , 6 V R I W Z D U H D S S O L F D W L R Q V W K D W D U H G H V L J Q H G I R U G R P H V W L F F R P S D Q L H V L Q D Q 0 1 ( ” & D V H 6 W X G * O R E D O , V V X H V L Q D 0 X O W L Q D W L R Q D O & R P S D Q $ O D U J H 0 1 ( L Q W K H F R R N Z D U H L Q G X V W U Z D V K D Y L Q J G L I I L F X O W L H V P D L Q W D L Q L Q J L W V P D U N H W V K D U H G X H W R D Q X P E H U R I P H U J H U V D P R Q J R W K H U F R P S H W L Q J I L U P V L Q W K H L Q G X V W U 7 K H 0 1 ( Z L W K F R U S R U D W H K H D G T X D U W H U V L Q & D Q D G D K D G S U R G X F W L R Q S O D Q W V L Q F R X Q W U L H V D Q G D F R P S D Q S U H V H Q F H L Q D W R W D O R I F R X Q W U L H V $ O W K R X J K W K H I L U P K D G D Q X P E H U R I F R P S H W L W R U V L W V S U R G X F W Z D V F R Q V L G H U H G D V K D Y L Q J W K H K L J K H V W T X D O L W W K H 0 H U F H G H V R I F R R N Z D U H 7 K H I L U P Z D V I D P L O R Z Q H G D Q G I R X Q G H G L Q 7 K H P R V W S U H V V L Q J S U R E O H P Z D V K R Z W K H I L U P F R X O G V W D F R P S H W L W L Y H L Q W K H P D U N H W S O D F H D Q G V W R S G H F U H D V H V L Q V D O H V 1 D W X U D O O L W Z D V K L J K O G H V L U D E O H W R L Q F U H D V H V D O H V E H R Q G D Q Q X D O D Y H U D J H V E X W I L U V W W K H I L U P K D G W R F K D Q J H V R P H W K L Q J W R V W D E L O L ] H L W V S O D F H L Q W K H P D U N H W ( [ D P L Q L Q J W K H S U R E O H P W K H & ( 2 D Q G W K H F R U S R U D W H E R D U G F R Q V L V W L Q J R I D O O W K H F R U S R U D W H Y L F H S U H V L G H Q W V D V Z H O O D V W K H & ( 2 V R I D O O W K H L Q W H U Q D W L R Q D O O R F D W L R Q V F R Q F O X G H G W K D W L W Z D V Q H F H V V D U W R U H G X F H R S H U D W L Q J F R V W V E W R W R U H P D L Q F R P S H W L W L Y H 7 K X V L W Z D V G H F L G H G W R G H W H U P L Q H L I W K H V H F R V W V D Y L Q J V F R X O G E H D F K L H Y H G L Q R S H U D W L R Q V U D Z P D W H U L D O V I L Q D Q F H V R U + 5 7 K H 0 1 ( P D Q D J H U V H [ D P L Q H G W K H O D W H V W S U R G X F W L R Q W H F K Q R O R J L Q W K H L U L Q G X V W U 7 K H I L U P G L V F R Y H U H G W K D W L W V W H F K Q R O R J Z D V I D L U O F X U U H Q W D Q G W K H I H Z W H F K Q R O R J L F D O F K D Q J H V D Y D L O D E O H Z R X O G R Q O K H O S G H F U H D V H F R V W V E O H V V W K D Q + R Z H Y H U W K H V H P R G L I L F D W L R Q V W R W K H L U F X U U H Q W W H F K Q R O R J Z H U H Y H U H [ S H Q V L Y H D Q G G L G Q R W D S S H D U W R K D Y H D I D Y R U D E O H U H W X U Q R Q L Q Y H V W P H Q W 5 2 , 7 U L Q J W R R E W D L Q E H W W H U I L Q D Q F L Q J Z D V Q H D U O L P S R V V L E O H V L Q F H W K H 0 1 ( K D G Y H U I D Y R U D E O H I L Q D Q F L Q J F X U U H Q W O 7 K H V D P H Z D V W U X H I R U U D Z P D W H U L D O V V L Q F H D G H F L V L R Q W R X V H F K H D S H U P D W H U L D O V Z R X O G J U H D W O U H G X F H W K H T X D O L W R I W K H F R P S D Q V S U R G X F W V $ V D U H V X O W W K H P D Q D J H P H Q W R I W K H 0 1 ( D V N H G W K H , + 5 0 G H S D U W P H Q W I R U V R P H V X J J H V W L R Q V D V W R K R Z S H U V R Q Q H O F R V W V F R X O G E H W U L P P H G + R Z H Y H U W K H U H Z D V R Q H F R Q V W U D L Q W H V W D E O L V K H G E W U D G L W L R Q L Q W K H F R P S D Q 7 K H 0 1 ( K D G Q H Y H U K D G D O D R I I R I H P S O R H H V L Q L W V K L V W R U D Q G W K H & ( 2 U H I X V H G W R X V H W K L V R S W L R Q W R U H G X F H S H U V R Q Q H O F R V W V 2 Q H R I W K H F R P S O L F D W L Q J I D F W R U V Z D V W K H G L I I H U H Q W O D E R U O H J L V O D W L R Q D V Z H O O D V W K H Y H U G L I I H U H Q W F X O W X U H V L Q W K H F R X Q W U L H V L Q Z K L F K W K H 0 1 ( G L G E X V L Q H V V & D V H 6 W X G 4 X H V W L R Q V + R Z Z R X O G R X D S S U R D F K D V R O X W L R Q W R W K L V S U R E O H P I R U W K H 0 1 ( ” $ V V X P L Q J W K D W U H G X F L Q J S H U V R Q Q H O F R V W V L V W K H E H V W D Q G S U R E D E O R Q O Z D W R U H G X F H R Y H U D O O F R U S R U D W H F R V W V Z K D W V S H F L I L F S U R J U D P V Z R X O G R X V X J J H V W W R U H G X F H F R V W V ” : K ” + R Z Z R X O G D Q + 5 , 6 I R U W K H 0 1 ( D L G L Q I L Q G L Q J + 5 S U R J U D P V W R K H O S V R O Y H W K L V S U R E O H P ” : K D W Z R X O G E H W K H P R V W L P S R U W D Q W G D W D W R D F F H V V L Q W K H + 5 , 6 I R U W K H X Q L W V D Q G G L Y L V L R Q V R I W K H 0 1 ( W R G H W H U P L Q H I H D V L E O H + 5 S U R J U D P V ” $ U H W K H S U R E O H P V R I U H G X F L Q J S H U V R Q Q H O F R V W V I R U D Q 0 1 ( G L I I H U H Q W I U R P W K R V H I R U D G R P H V W L F R Q O F R P S D Q ” ( [ S O D L Q 6 W X G H Q W 6 W X G 6 L W H 9 L V L W W K H 6 W X G H Q W 6 W X G 6 L W H D W V W X G V D J H S X E F R P N D Y D Q D J K H I R U D G G L W L R Q D O O H D U Q L Q J W R R O V V X F K D V D F F H V V W R 6 $ * ( M R X U Q D O D U W L F O H V D Q G U H O D W H G : H E U H V R X U F H V
Module Discussion 1.Explain the main causes of expatriate failure and describe a training program for expatriates. 2. Why is it recommended that the family of the expatriate also receive training? 3
+ 5 0 H W U L F V D Q G : R U N I R U F H $ Q D O W L F V . H Y L Q ‘ & D U O V R Q 0 L F K D H O – . D Y D Q D J K ( G L W R U V 1 R W H 7 K H F D S D F L W W R H I I H F W L Y H O P D Q D J H D Q R U J D Q L ] D W L R Q V Z R U N I R U F H L V O L P L W H G E W K H W S H D Q G T X D O L W R I G D W D D Y D L O D E O H W R P D Q D J H U V % H W W H U L Q I R U P D W L R Q S U R Y L G H V D V W U R Q J I R X Q G D W L R Q I R U E H W W H U X Q G H U V W D Q G L Q J K R Z + 5 F D Q V X S S R U W W K H V W U D W H J L F G L U H F W L R Q R I R U J D Q L ] D W L R Q V + R Z H Y H U G D W D D O R Q H D U H Q R W W K H D Q V Z H U $ V L O O X V W U D W H G L Q W K L V F K D S W H U W K H E H V W R U J D Q L ] D W L R Q V Z L O O Q R W V L P S O F R O O H F W P R U H G D W D , Q V W H D G W K H Z L O O O H Y H U D J H G D W D W R V R O Y H N H E X V L Q H V V S U R E O H P V 5 D W K H U W K D Q V W D U W L Q J Z L W K W K H G D W D R U J D Q L ] D W L R Q V V K R X O G V W D U W Z L W K D Q + 5 R U R U J D Q L ] D W L R Q D O S U R E O H P R U R S S R U W X Q L W D Q G G H W H U P L Q H Z K D W G D W D D U H Q H F H V V D U W R P R V W H I I H F W L Y H O V R O Y H W K H S U R E O H P R U W D N H D G Y D Q W D J H R I W K H R S S R U W X Q L W 8 O W L P D W H O Z R U N I R U F H D Q D O W L F V D Q G % L J ‘ D W D D U H R Q O D V H I I H F W L Y H D V W K H S U R E O H P V W K H D U H D E O H W R K H O S W K H R U J D Q L ] D W L R Q V R O Y H 7 K L V F K D S W H U R I I H U V D E U L H I K L V W R U R I W K H H I I R U W V L Q Y R O Y H G L Q W K H G H Y H O R S P H Q W R I + 5 P H W U L F V D Q G Z R U N I R U F H D Q D O W L F V D Q G R I K R Z W K H V H H I I R U W V K D Y H E H H Q H Q K D Q F H G E W K H D G Y H Q W R I L Q W H J U D W H G + 5 , 6 ) U R P E H Q F K P D U N L Q J W R R S H U D W L R Q D O H [ S H U L P H Q W V W K H + 5 , 6 I L H O G L V U D S L G O H Y R O Y L Q J R Q P D Q I U R Q W V 7 K H V H D G Y D Q F H V D U H F K D Q J L Q J K R Z + 5 P H W U L F V D Q G D Q D O W L F V D U H X V H G L Q R U J D Q L ] D W L R Q V D Q G V X E V H T X H Q W O W K H L U L P S D F W R Q R U J D Q L ] D W L R Q H I I H F W L Y H Q H V V & K D S W H U 2 E M H F W L Y H V $ I W H U F R P S O H W L Q J W K L V F K D S W H U R X V K R X O G E H D E O H W R ‘ L V F X V V Z K W K H L Q I R U P D W L R Q I U R P Q X P H U L F V V W H P V O L N H + 5 P H W U L F V D Q G Z R U N I R U F H D Q D O W L F V P D I D L O W R J H Q H U D W H Y D O X H I R U D Q R U J D Q L ] D W L R Q ‘ L V F X V V W K H U R O H V W K D W D F W L Y L W L H V V X F K D V G D W D P L Q L Q J S U H G L F W L Y H D Q D O W L F V D Q G R S H U D W L R Q D O H [ S H U L P H Q W V S O D L Q L Q F U H D V L Q J R U J D Q L ] D W L R Q D O H I I H F W L Y H Q H V V ‘ L V F X V V W K H G L I I H U H Q F H V E H W Z H H Q D Q D O W L F V X V H G W R D V V H V V H I I L F L H Q F R S H U D W L R Q D O H I I H F W L Y H Q H V V D Q G R U J D Q L ] D W L R Q D O U H D O L J Q P H Q W D Q G R I I H U H [ D P S O H V R I H D F K ‘ L V F X V V Z K W K H R E M H F W L Y H R I D Q D O W L F V H I I R U W V Q H H G V W R E H L P S U R Y L Q J G H F L V L R Q V D Q G Z K G R L Q J V R L V F U L W L F D O W R J H Q H U D W L Q J U H W X U Q R Q L Q Y H V W P H Q W ‘ L V F X V V K R Z D G H F L V L R Q E D V H G Y L H Z R I + 5 F D Q E H X V H G W R L G H Q W L I L P S R U W D Q W Z R U N I R U F H D Q D O V H V W K D W F D Q G U L Y H L P S U R Y H G Y D O X H L Q D O P R V W D Q R U J D Q L ] D W L R Q ‘ H V F U L E H Z K D W I D F W R U V P D Q D J H U V V K R X O G F R Q V L G H U Z K H Q E X L O G L Q J Z R U N I R U F H D Q D O W L F V F D S D E L O L W L Q D Q R U J D Q L ] D W L R Q + 5 , 6 , Q $ F W L R Q : K H Q ‘ D Q + L O E H U W D U U L Y H G D V P D Q D J H U R I H P S O R P H Q W V H U Y L F H V D W 9 D O H U R ( Q H U J K H Z D V Q W T X L W H V X U H Z K D W K H Z D Q W H G R U Q H H G H G W R G R & R P L Q J I U R P D E D F N J U R X Q G L Q R S H U D W L R Q V K H Z D V X V H G W R K D Y L Q J L Q I R U P D W L R Q D E R X W W K H H I I H F W L Y H Q H V V R I D O O F X U U H Q W R S H U D W L R Q V H W D V K H T X L F N O O H D U Q H G W K H V H G D W D Z H U H Q R W D Y D L O D E O H I R U + 5 R S H U D W L R Q V D Q G S U R J U D P V Q R U Z H U H W K H U H V V W H P V L Q S O D F H W R J H Q H U D W H W K H P + H U H F R J Q L ] H G W K H S R W H Q W L D O Y D O X H R I K D Y L Q J H Y H Q V L P S O H G H V F U L S W L Y H V W D W L V W L F V D E R X W W K H R U J D Q L ] D W L R Q V S H R S O H D Q G L W V R S H U D W L R Q V W R K L J K O L J K W S R W H Q W L D O R S S R U W X Q L W L H V D Q G K R Z F K D Q J H V L Q W K H V H Y D O X H V F R X O G V L J Q D O S R W H Q W L D O S U R E O H P V + R Z H Y H U V L Q F H W K H V H G D W D Z H U H Q R W F X U U H Q W O D Y D L O D E O H R U H D V L O G H Y H O R S H G K H F U H D W H G D V P D O O W H D P F R Q V L V W L Q J R I R Q H + 5 V W D I I P H P E H U Z K R F R X O G K H O S J H W D F F H V V W R G D W D I U R P W K H R U J D Q L ] D W L R Q V F X U U H Q W V V W H P V D Q G D J U D G X D W H V W X G H Q W Z L W K D V W D W L V W L F D O E D F N J U R X Q G Z K R Z D V K L U H G D V D S D U W W L P H H P S O R H H 7 K H W H D P V D V V L J Q P H Q W Z D V W R F R O O H F W G D W D D E R X W W K H K X P D Q F D S L W D O L Q W K H R U J D Q L ] D W L R Q L Q D Q H I I R U W W R O H D U Q P R U H D E R X W W K H R U J D Q L ] D W L R Q D Q G L W V S H R S O H Z K L F K ‘ D Q Z D V Q R Z F K D U J H G Z L W K V X S S R U W L Q J 7 K H W H D P V D Q D O V L V K L J K O L J K W H G D X Q L T X H F K D U D F W H U L V W L F R I W K H 9 D O H U R Z R U N I R U F H D O O R I L W V U H I L Q H U P D Q D J H U V Z H U H D W O H D V W H D U V R O G 7 K L V P H D Q W W K D W W K H V H P D Q D J H U V H D F K Z L W K O R Q J W H Q X U H L Q R Q H R I W K H P R V W F U L W L F D O S R V L W L R Q V I R U D V V X U L Q J R S H U D W L Q J V X F F H V V Z R X O G E H H O L J L E O H W R U H W L U H L Q O H V V W K D Q H D U V ) X U W K H U J L Y H Q W K D W W K H V H P D Q D J H U V K D G D O O M R L Q H G W K H F R P S D Q D W U R X J K O W K H V D P H W L P H D Q G K D G K H O G W K H V H U H I L Q H U P D Q D J H U S R V L W L R Q V I R U P D Q H D U V W K H S U R P R W L R Q S L S H O L Q H I R U V X F F H V V L R Q W R W K L V S R V L W L R Q Z D V O L P L W H G , Q R W K H U Z R U G V S U R P L V L Q J P D Q D J H U V Z K R K D G M R L Q H G W K H R U J D Q L ] D W L R Q D W O R Z H U P D Q D J H U L D O S R V L W L R Q V G H F L G H G W R O H D Y H W K H F R P S D Q Z K H Q L W Z D V F O H D U W K D W X S Z D U G R S S R U W X Q L W L H V Z H U H O L P L W H G : K H Q ‘ D Q S U H V H Q W H G W K H U H V X O W V R I W K L V D Q D O V L V D Q G K L V F R Q F O X V L R Q V W R V H Q L R U P D Q D J H U V W K H Z H U H V K R F N H G 1 R R Q H K D G F R Q V L G H U H G W K H L V V X H R I W K H D J L Q J R I U H I L Q H U P D Q D J H U V D Q G O L N H O P D Q D J H P H Q W Z R X O G Q R W K D Y H E H F R P H D Z D U H R I W K H V L W X D W L R Q X Q W L O W K H U H I L Q H U P D Q D J H U V E H J D Q W R U H W L U H % W K H Q L W Z R X O G K D Y H E H H Q W R R O D W H W R G H Y H O R S L Q W H U Q D O U H S O D F H P H Q W V , Q W H U H V W L Q J O D V 9 D O H U R V V X F F H V V L Q F U H D V H G D Q G W K H V W R F N S U L F H L Q F U H D V H G W K H U H W L U H P H Q W D J H O R Z H U H G F R P S R X Q G L Q J W K H S U R E O H P 7 K H S L S H O L Q H R I W U D L Q H G P D Q D J H U V F D S D E O H R I I L O O L Q J W K H V H S R V L W L R Q V L Q W H U Q D O O Z R X O G Q R W K D Y H E H H Q V X I I L F L H Q W W R P H H W W K H G H P D Q G F U H D W H G E W K H P D V V U H W L U H P H Q W V D Q G W K H W L P H W R W U D L Q W K H P D V U H I L Q H U P D Q D J H U V Z D V O H Q J W K + H U H W K H F R P S X W D W L R Q R I U H O D W L Y H O V L P S O H P H W U L F V D Q G D Q D O W L F V S U R Y L G H G Q H Z L Q V L J K W V R Q W K H U H W L U H P H Q W V W D W X V R I H P S O R H H V 7 K H V H G D W D D O O R Z H G P D Q D J H P H Q W W R H Q J D J H L Q W K H W U D L Q L Q J D Q G G H Y H O R S P H Q W Q H H G H G W R E X L O G L Q W H U Q D O E H Q F K V W U H Q J W K I R U W K L V F U L W L F D O S R V L W L R Q S U L R U W R W K H V H P D Q D J H U V U H W L U L Q J O L N H O V D Y L Q J W K H U H I L Q H U P L O O L R Q V L Q V D O D U H [ S H Q V H D Q G U H G X F H G U H I L Q H U S H U I R U P D Q F H , Q W U R G X F W L R Q , K D Y H I R X Q G W K D W W K H O D U J H V W V L Q J O H G L I I H U H Q F H E H W Z H H Q D J U H D W + 5 G H S D U W P H Q W D Q G D Q D Y H U D J H R Q H L V W K H X V H R I P H W U L F V E D U Q R Q H W K H U H L V Q R W K L Q J R X F D Q G R W R L P S U R Y H R X U V D Q G R X U G H S D U W P H Q W V S H U I R U P D Q F H W K D W H [ F H H G V W K H L P S D F W R I X V L Q J P H W U L F V – R K Q 6 X O O L Y D Q 7 K H U H D U H W K U H H N L Q G V R I O L H V O L H V G D P Q H G O L H V D Q G V W D W L V W L F V 0 D U N 7 Z D L Q : D U L V Q L Q H W S H U F H Q W L Q I R U P D W L R Q 1 D S R O H R Q % R Q D S D U W H + X P D Q U H V R X U F H V + 5 P H W U L F V D Q G Z R U N I R U F H D Q D O W L F V K D Y H E H F R P H D K R W W R S L F L Q R U J D Q L ] D W L R Q V R I D O O V L ] H V , Q W H U H V W L V U L V L Q J D Q G R U J D Q L ] D W L R Q V D U H U H D F K L Q J R X W W R O H D U Q P R U H D E R X W X V H I X O P H W U L F V D Q G D Q D O W L F V D Q G K R Z W K H F D Q X V H W K H P W R L P S U R Y H R U J D Q L ] D W L R Q D O H I I H F W L Y H Q H V V $ O W K R X J K W K H X V H R I + 5 P H W U L F V D Q G Z R U N I R U F H D Q D O W L F V L V Q R W Q H Z Y D U L R X V I D F W R U V D U H G U L Y L Q J L Q F U H D V H G L Q W H U H V W $ Q L P S R U W D Q W G U L Y H U L V W K H Z L G H V S U H D G L P S O H P H Q W D W L R Q R I L Q W H J U D W H G K X P D Q U H V R X U F H L Q I R U P D W L R Q V V W H P V + 5 , 6 D Q G W K H J U H D W H U D Y D L O D E L O L W R I L Q I R U P D W L R Q I U R P W K L U G S D U W V R X U F H V 7 R G D V + 5 , 6 E X L O G V R Q W K H F D S D E L O L W L H V R I I D V W H U D Q G P R U H F D S D E O H F R P S X W H U V L P S U R Y H G F R Q Q H F W L Y L W W K U R X J K R U J D Q L ] D W L R Q D O Q H W Z R U N V D Q G W K H , Q W H U Q H W D Q G W K H D Y D L O D E L O L W R I X V H U I U L H Q G O D Q D O W L F V V R I W Z D U H 7 K H V H F K D Q J H V K D Y H I X Q G D P H Q W D O O D O W H U H G W K H G Q D P L F V R I K X P D Q F D S L W D O D V V H V V P H Q W L Q R U J D Q L ] D W L R Q V G U L Y L Q J W K H P D U J L Q D O F R V W R I D V V H V V P H Q W O R Z H U Z K L O H S U R Y L G L Q J W K H S R W H Q W L D O I R U Q H D U U H D O W L P H D Q D O V L V D Q G G L V W U L E X W L R Q R I L Q I R U P D W L R Q 7 K H V H I D F W R U V F R P E L Q H G Z L W K U H F H Q W D Q G J U R Z L Q J L Q W H U H V W L Q H Y L G H Q F H E D V H G P D Q D J H P H Q W D F F R X Q W I R U W K H U D S L G O J U R Z L Q J L Q W H U H V W L Q + 5 P H W U L F V D Q G Z R U N I R U F H D Q D O W L F V $ % U L H I + L V W R U R I + 5 0 H W U L F V D Q G $ Q D O W L F V 6 V W H P D W L F Z R U N R Q W K H G H Y H O R S P H Q W R I P H D V X U H V W R F D S W X U H W K H H I I H F W L Y H Q H V V R I D Q R U J D Q L ] D W L R Q V H P S O R H H V F D Q E H W U D F H G D V I D U E D F N D V W K H G D V R I V F L H Q W L I L F P D Q D J H P H Q W 7 D O R U D Q G L Q G X V W U L D O D Q G R U J D Q L ] D W L R Q D O S V F K R O R J 0 X Q V W H U E H U J 0 H W K R G V R I T X D Q W L W D W L Y H D Q D O V L V D Q G L W V X V H L Q G H F L V L R Q P D N L Q J Z H U H G H Y H O R S H G G X U L Q J W K H E X L O G X S R I E R W K P H Q D Q G P D W H U L H O O H D G L Q J X S W R D Q G G X U L Q J : R U O G : D U , , ) X U W K H U V W X G D Q G G H Y H O R S P H Q W R F F X U U H G G X U L Q J W K H J U H D W S R V W Z D U L Q G X V W U L D O H [ S D Q V L R Q L Q W K H 8 Q L W H G 6 W D W H V W K D W F R Q W L Q X H G L Q W R W K H V 0 D Q R I W K H + 5 P H W U L F V X V H G W R G D Z H U H I L U V W F R Q V L G H U H G D Q G G H Y H O R S H G G X U L Q J W K L V S H U L R G H J + D Z N : L G H V S U H D G D V V H V V P H Q W R I + 5 P H W U L F V G L G Q R W R F F X U X Q W L O W K H S L R Q H H U L Q J Z R U N R I ‘ U – D F ) L W ] H Q ] D Q G W K H H D U O E H Q F K P D U N L Q J Z R U N K H F R Q G X F W H G W K U R X J K W K H 6 D U D W R J D , Q V W L W X W H , Q ) L W ] H Q ] S X E O L V K H G + R Z W R 0 H D V X U H + X P D Q 5 H V R X U F H V 0 D Q D J H P H Q W F X U U H Q W O L Q L W V W K L U G H G L W L R Q ) L W ] H Q ] ‘ D Y L G V R Q Z K L F K L V V W L O O D K L J K O Y D O X H G R Y H U Y L H Z R I P D Q + 5 P H W U L F V D Q G W K H I R U P X O D V X V H G W R F D O F X O D W H W K H P $ V H W R I P H W U L F V Z H U H G H Y H O R S H G W K U R X J K W K H M R L Q W H I I R U W V R I W K H 6 D U D W R J D , Q V W L W X W H D Q G W K H $ P H U L F D Q 6 R F L H W I R U 3 H U V R Q Q H O $ G P L Q L V W U D W L R Q W K H I R U H U X Q Q H U R I W K H F X U U H Q W 6 R F L H W I R U + X P D Q 5 H V R X U F H 0 D Q D J H P H Q W 6 + 5 0 7 K H V H P H W U L F V D U H O L V W H G L Q 7 D E O H , Q L W L D O O + 5 P H W U L F V Z H U H S U L P D U L O X V H G W R P H D V X U H R U D X G L W D V S H F W V R I + 5 S U R J U D P V D Q G D F W L Y L W L H V D V G H V F U L E H G E & D V F L R D Q G ) L W ] H Q ] D Q G ‘ D Y L G V R Q 1 H [ W P H W U L F V E H J D Q W R E H X V H G W R P H D V X U H + 5 H I I H F W L Y H Q H V V 6 + 5 0 K D V L G H Q W L I L H G D Q X P E H U R I P H W U L F V W K D W R U J D Q L ] D W L R Q V F D Q X V H L Q W K L V Z D 7 K H V H P H W U L F V F R P S U L V H W K H + 5 0 H W U L F V 7 R R O E R [ V H H Q L Q 7 D E O H 6 + 5 0 ) R U H [ D P S O H F R V W S H U K L U H F D Q E H F D O F X O D W H G D V F R V W S H U K L U H H T X D O V W K H V X P R I H [ W H U Q D O F R V W V U H F U X L W L Q J D Q G L Q W H U Q D O F R V W V W U D L Q L Q J Q H Z H P S O R H H V G L Y L G H G E W K H W R W D O Q X P E H 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D G G L W L R Q W K H W K L Q N L Q J U H T X L U H G W R G H Y H O R S E D O D Q F H G V F R U H F D U G V K H O S P D Q D J H U V L G H Q W L I F D X V D O V H T X H Q F H V E H O L H Y H G W R O H D G W R F U L W L F D O R U J D Q L ] D W L R Q D O R X W F R P H V $ E R X W W K H V D P H W L P H + X V H O L G V Z R U N R Q K L J K S H U I R U P D Q F H Z R U N V V W H P V G H P R Q V W U D W H G W K D W W K H V V W H P D W L F P D Q D J H P H Q W R I K X P D Q U H V R X U F H V Z D V D V V R F L D W H G Z L W K V L J Q L I L F D Q W G L I I H U H Q F H V L Q R U J D Q L ] D W L R Q D O H I I H F W L Y H Q H V V 7 K L V Z R U N S U R Y L G H G H Y L G H Q F H W K D W K X P D Q U H V R X U F H P D Q D J H P H Q W G L G L Q G H H G K D Y H V W U D W H J L F S R W H Q W L D O % H F N H U + X V H O L G D Q G 8 O U L F K K H O S H G E U L Q J W K H V H L G H D V W R J H W K H U L Q W K H + 5 V F R U H F D U G Z K L F K K L J K O L J K W V K R Z W K H D O L J Q P H Q W R I + 5 D F W L Y L W L H V Z L W K E R W K F R U S R U D W H V W U D W H J D Q G D F W L Y L W L P S U R Y H R U J D Q L ] D W L R Q D O R X W F R P H V / L P L W D W L R Q V R I + L V W R U L F D O 0 H W U L F V 8 Q I R U W X Q D W H O Z K L O H W K H F R P S X W L Q J F R P P X Q L F D W L R Q V D Q G V R I W Z D U H L Q I U D V W U X F W X U H V X S S R U W L Q J + 5 P H W U L F V D Q G D Q D O W L F V K D V X Q G H U J R Q H G U D P D W L F F K D Q J H V L Q F H W K H O D W H V W K H P H W U L F V W K H P V H O Y H V K D Y H Q R W & X U U H Q W F R P S X W L Q J R S H U D W L R Q V D U H F D S D E O H R I F D S W X U L Q J G D W D R Q D Z L G H U D Q J H R I H O H F W U R Q L F D O O V X S S R U W H G + 5 S U R F H V V H V H [ W U D F W L Q J D Q D O ] L Q J D Q G W K H Q G L V W U L E X W L Q J W K D W L Q I R U P D W L R Q L Q U H D O W L P H W R P D Q D J H U V W K U R X J K R X W W K H R U J D Q L ] D W L R Q + R Z H Y H U F X U U H Q W O S R S X O D U + 5 P H W U L F V Z H U H G H Y H O R S H G E H I R U H F X U U H Q W F R P S X W L Q J L Q I U D V W U X F W X U H V H [ L V W H G $ V D U H V X O W W K H P H W U L F V R U J D Q L ] D W L R Q V X W L O L ] H G Z H U H S U L P D U L O D I X Q F W L R Q R I Z K D W G D W D P R V W R U J D Q L ] D W L R Q V F R X O G H D V L O D Q G L Q H [ S H Q V L Y H O J D W K H U $ T X L F N S H U X V D O R I W K H P H W U L F V O L V W H G L Q 7 D E O H K L J K O L J K W V W K H H D U O H P S K D V L V R Q U H D G L O D Y D L O D E O H G D W D P R V W R I Z K L F K F D P H I U R P D F F R X Q W L Q J V V W H P V & R Q V H T X H Q W O W K H V H P H W U L F V H P S K D V L ] H F R V W V R U H D V L O F D O F X O D W H G F R X Q W V H J K H D G F R X Q W W X U Q R Y H U W K D W R I W H Q V H U Y H D V S U R [ L H V I R U F R V W V ( Y H U P D Q D J H U L D O G H F L V L R Q W K R X J K K D V F R V W D Q G E H Q H I L W V F R Q V H T X H Q F H V Z K H W K H U Z H U H F R J Q L ] H W K H P R U Q R W $ V D U H V X O W Z K H Q P H W U L F V D Q G D Q D O W L F V V V W H P V R Q O S U R Y L G H L Q I R U P D W L R Q D E R X W F R V W V W K H D U H R I O L P L W H G Y D O X H W R P D Q D J H U V , I P D Q D J H U V D U H R Q O S U R Y L G H G L Q I R U P D W L R Q D E R X W F R V W V Z L W K O L W W O H R U Q R L Q I R U P D W L R Q D E R X W E H Q H I L W V F R V W V D U H O L N H O W R E H F R P H W K H S U L P D U G U L Y H U R I P D Q D J H U L D O G H F L V L R Q V 7 K L V S H U S H W X D W H V W K H V W L O O F R P P R Q S H U F H S W L R Q R I + 5 D V D F R V W F H Q W H U 7 K X V L Q I R U P D W L R Q R Q E H Q H I L W V I U R P D P D Q D J H U L D O G H F L V L R Q P X V W D O V R E H N Q R Z Q L Q R U G H U W R F R Q G X F W D Q H V W L P D W H G U H W X U Q R Q L Q Y H V W P H Q W 5 2 , I R U W K H G H F L V L R Q 6 H F R Q G H D U O P H W U L F V H I I R U W V R I W H Q D J J U H J D W H G D W D W R W K H O H Y H O R I W K H R U J D Q L ] D W L R Q $ V V X F K W K H R I I H U O L P L W H G L Q I R U P D W L R Q W K D W F R X O G E H X V H G W R L G H Q W L I D Q G G L D J Q R V H Z L W K L Q R U J D Q L ] D W L R Q G L I I H U H Q F H V 2 U J D Q L ] D W L R Q D O W X U Q R Y H U U D W H V I R U H [ D P S O H D U H K H D Y L O L Q I O X H Q F H G E W K H W X U Q R Y H U U D W H L Q W K H R U J D Q L ] D W L R Q V G R P L Q D Q W M R E F D W H J R U P D V N L Q J S D U W L F X O D U O K L J K R U O R Z W X U Q R Y H U U D W H V I R U M R E V Z L W K I H Z H U L Q F X P E H Q W V ) L Q D O O H D U O H I I R U W V R Q O S U R Y L G H G G D W D D I W H U H Y H Q W V K D G R F F X U U H G 7 K H V H I H H G E D F N P H W U L F V U H V X O W L Q V O R Z U H V S R Q V H V W R S U R E O H P V R U R S S R U W X Q L W L H V ) H H G E D F N P H W U L F V F D Q E H H I I H F W L Y H O X V H G W R V L J Q D O S U R E O H P V E X W W K H D U H V X E R S W L P D O D V D S U L P D U V R X U F H R I G D W D E H F D X V H W K H G R Q R W V X S S R U W U H D O W L P H U H P H G L D O D F W L R Q W R P L Q L P L ] H D Q Q H J D W L Y H H I I H F W V & R Q W H P S R U D U + 5 0 H W U L F V D Q G : R U N I R U F H $ Q D O W L F V 8 Q G H U V W D Q G L Q J : R U N I R U F H $ Q D O W L F V 3 U D F W L F H V : R U N I R U F H D Q D O W L F V K D V E H F R P H D Q X P E U H O O D W H U P W K D W H Q F R P S D V V H V D Z L G H U D Q J H R I D F W L Y L W L H V D Q G S U R F H V V H V W K D W D U H H [ S D Q G L Q J D Q G H Y R O Y L Q J ( [ D P S O H V R I W K H P R V W S U D F W L F H V L Q Z R U N I R U F H D Q D O W L F V D U H L Q W U R G X F H G L Q W K H S D U D J U D S K V W K D W I R O O R Z + 5 0 H W U L F V + 5 P H W U L F V D U H G D W D Q X P E H U V W K D W U H I O H F W V R P H G H V F U L S W L Y H G H W D L O D E R X W J L Y H Q S U R F H V V H V R U R X W F R P H V I R U H [ D P S O H V X F F H V V L Q U H F U X L W L Q J Q H Z H P S O R H H V , Q W K H G R P D L Q R I K X P D Q U H V R X U F H V W K H V H R I W H Q U H I O H F W D W W U L E X W H V R I W K H R U J D Q L ] D W L R Q V + 5 S U R J U D P V D Q G D F W L Y L W L H V R U U H O D W H G R X W F R P H V V X F K D V W K H Q X P E H U R I D S S O L F D Q W V D W W U D F W H G W X U Q R Y H U U D W H K H D G F R X Q W R U W K H F R V W R I F R Q G X F W L Q J W U D L Q L Q J S U R J U D P V : R U N I R U F H $ Q D O W L F V : R U N I R U F H D Q D O W L F V U H I H U W R V W U D W H J L H V I R U F R P E L Q L Q J G D W D H O H P H Q W V L Q W R P H W U L F V D Q G I R U H [ D P L Q L Q J F K D Q J H V L Q P H W U L F V R U W K H P D J Q L W X G H R I U H O D W L R Q V K L S V D P R Q J W K H P 6 X F K D Q D O V H V F D Q L Q I R U P P D Q D J H U V D E R X W W K H F X U U H Q W R U F K D Q J L Q J V W D W H R I K X P D Q F D S L W D O L Q D Q R U J D Q L ] D W L R Q L Q Z D V W K D W L P S D F W W K H L U G H F L V L R Q V 8 Q G H U V W D Q G L Q J Z K D W R S S R U W X Q L W L H V D Q G S U R E O H P V P D Q D J H U V I D F H F D Q V X J J H V W U H O H Y D Q W D Q D O V H V W K D W F D Q V X S S R U W E H W W H U G H F L V L R Q V 7 K H V H D Q D O V H V W K H Q G H W H U P L Q H Z K D W P H W U L F V W K H R U J D Q L ] D W L R Q Q H H G V Z K D W G D W D H O H P H Q W V D U H U H O H Y D Q W D Q G Q H H G W R E H F D S W X U H G D Q G K R Z W K H V H G D W D H O H P H Q W V V K R X O G E H F R P E L Q H G % H Q F K P D U N L Q J % H Q F K P D U N L Q J L V D P H W K R G R I F U H D W L Q J X V H I X O F R P S D U L V R Q V 7 K H 6 D U D W R J D , Q V W L W X W H Z D V W K H I L U V W V V W H P D W L F H I I R U W W R G H Y H O R S L Q I R U P D W L R Q R Q V W D Q G D U G + 5 P H W U L F V W R L Q I R U P P D Q D J H P H Q W D E R X W K X P D Q F D S L W D O % H Q F K P D U N L Q J G D W D L V X V H I X O L Q W K D W L W S U R Y L G H V L Q V L J K W V L Q W R D Q R U J D Q L ] D W L R Q V U H O D W L Y H V W D Q G L Q J R U L Q V L J K W L Q W R O H Y H O V R I R X W F R P H V W K D W P L J K W E H S R V V L E O H + R Z H Y H U D F K D O O H Q J H L Q X V L Q J + 5 P H W U L F V I R U E H Q F K P D U N L Q J L V W K D W D Q R U J D Q L ] D W L R Q V K X P D Q U H V R X U F H S U D F W L F H V D Q G W K H X V H R I L W V + 5 V W D I I U H I O H F W F X U U H Q W F K D O O H Q J H V I D F L Q J W K D W R U J D Q L ] D W L R Q $ V D U H V X O W P R V W R U J D Q L ] D W L R Q V K D Y H D Q + 5 G H S D U W P H Q W E X W W K H V S H F L I L F I X Q F W L R Q V S H U I R U P H G E W K H V H G H S D U W P H Q W V Y D U Z L G H O D F U R V V R U J D Q L ] D W L R Q V & R Q V H T X H Q W O G L U H F W F R P S D U L V R Q V R I H [ W H U Q D O + 5 E H Q F K P D U N L Q J G D W D W R R Q H V R Z Q R U J D Q L ] D W L R Q P D Q R W S U R Y L G H U H D O L V W L F H Y L G H Q F H R I U H O D W L Y H V W D Q G L Q J Q R U S U R Y L G H J X L G H O L Q H V I R U H L W K H U J R D O V H W W L Q J R U I R U H F D V W L Q J W K H S R W H Q W L D O H I I H F W L Y H Q H V V R I W K H U H P H G L D O D F W L R Q V D Q R U J D Q L ] D W L R Q P L J K W X Q G H U W D N H ‘ D W D 0 L Q L 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V F K D Q J H P D E H D V K L I W L Q W K H G H P D Q G I R U W K H R U J D Q L ] D W L R Q V S U R G X F W H Q W U L Q W R D Q H Z P D U N H W G L Y H V W L W X U H R I R Q H R I W K H R U J D Q L ] D W L R Q V E X V L Q H V V H V R U D S H Q G L Q J D F T X L V L W L R Q R I R U P H U J H U Z L W K D Q R W K H U R U J D Q L ] D W L R Q 7 K L V S U R F H V V E X L O G V R Q D Q G H Q K D Q F H V D K X P D Q U H V R X U F H S O D Q Q L Q J + 5 3 S U R J U D P Z K L F K L V F R Y H U H G L Q P R U H G H W D L O L Q & K D S W H U + 5 0 H W U L F V : R U N I R U F H $ Q D O W L F V D Q G 2 U J D Q L ] D W L R Q D O ( I I H F W L Y H Q H V V & K D Q J H V L Q W K H G D W D D Y D L O D E O H W R R U J D Q L ] D W L R Q V D O O R Z W K H P W R W D N H D G Y D Q W D J H R I W R G D V P R U H F D S D E O H D V V H V V P H Q W L Q I U D V W U X F W X U H V + R Z H Y H U G H V S L W H U H S R U W L Q J P R U H P H W U L F V Z L W K J U H D W H U I U H T X H Q F W R D Z L G H U J U R X S R I P D 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Z L W K L Q D Q R U J D Q L ] D W L R Q + R Z H Y H U L Q P D Q F D V H V K R Z Z H O O + 5 S U R F H V V H V D U H H [ H F X W H G K D V R Q O O L P L W H G S R W H Q W L D O W R L P S D F W R U J D Q L ] D W L R Q H I I H F W L Y H Q H V V + R Z Z H O O + 5 S U R F H V V H V D U H H [ H F X W H G L V L P S R U W D Q W E X W R I W H Q O H V V F U L W L F D O W K D Q H Q V X U L Q J W K D W W K H R U J D Q L ] D W L R Q K D V W K H U L J K W S U R F H V V H V L Q S O D F H W R V X S S R U W W K H R U J D Q L ] D W L R Q V R E M H F W L Y H V 2 S H U D W L R Q D O ( I I H F W L Y H Q H V V 2 S H U D W L R Q D O H I I H F W L Y H Q H V V D Q D O V H V I R F X V R Q R U J D Q L ] D W L R Q D O S U R F H V V L P S U R Y H P H Q W + H U H W K H R E M H F W L Y H L V W R L G H Q W L I R S S R U W X Q L W L H V W R L P S U R Y H R S H U D W L R Q D O R X W F R P H V W K U R X J K L P S U R Y H G K X P D Q F D S L W D O L Q W H U Y H Q W L R Q V 2 I W H Q W K L V U H T X L U H V D Q D O V W V W R X W L O L ] H W K H W H F K Q L F D O F R P S H W H Q F H R I W K H + 5 S U R I H V V L R Q D O V ) R U H [ D P S O H W K L V F R X O G L Q F O X G H X V L Q J D Q D O V H V W R K H O S P D Q D J H U V G H W H U P L Q H Z K H W K H U F K D Q J H V W R U H F U X L W L Q J V H O H F W L R Q H P S O R H H G H S O R P H Q W W U D L Q L Q J M R E G H V L J Q H P S O R H H P R W L Y D W L R Q R U H Q J D J H P H Q W G H Y H O R S P H Q W R U U H W H Q W L R Q F R X O G K H O S P D Q D J H U V P R U H H I I H F W L Y H O D F F R P S O L V K W K H L U R E M H F W L Y H V 7 K H V H R X W F R P H V D U H R X W V L G H R I + 5 W K H D U H W K H E X V L Q H V V X Q L W V R S H U D W L R Q D O P H W U L F V H J S H U F H Q W D J H R I R Q W L P H G H O L Y H U L H V R S H U D W L R Q D O G R Z Q W L P H O R V W W L P H D F F L G H Q W V X Q L W V V R O G R U F R V W S H U X Q L W $ Q D O V W V L Q W K H V H L Q V W D Q F H V S O D D F R Q V X O W D W L Y H U R O H L Q K H O S L Q J L G H Q W L 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I D O O V L Q 4 X D G U D Q W V , , D Q G , 9 + L J K H U V H O H F W L R Q Y D O L G L W U H V X O W V L Q D W L J K W H Q L Q J R I W K H G L V W U L E X W L R Q R I S R L Q W V U H G X F L Q J W K H Q X P E H U R I L Q V W D Q F H V I D O O L Q J L Q 4 X D G U D Q W V , , D Q G , 9 ) L J X U H 6 W O L ] H G 6 F D W W H U 3 O R W ‘ H S L F W L Q J W K H ‘ L V W U L E X W L R Q R I ‘ D W D 3 R L Q W V I R U D 6 H O H F W L R Q 3 U R F H V V H V 7 K D W + D V D 9 D O L G L W I R U 3 U H G L F W L Q J ) X W X U H – R E 3 H U I R U P D Q F H R I U [ 7 R H Y D O X D W H V H O H F W L R Q G H Y L F H Y D O L G L W W K H R U J D Q L ] D W L R Q U H T X L U H V G D W D R Q W K H F R U U H O D W L R Q E H W Z H H Q D S S O L F D Q W V F R U H V R Q V H O H F W L R Q G H Y L F H V D Q G W K H L U I X W X U H M R E S H U I R U P D Q F H $ V U H D G H U V P D U H F R J Q L ] H R U J D Q L ] D W L R Q V D U H X Q O L N H O W R K L U H D O O L Q G L Y L G X D O V L Q D Q D S S O L F D Q W S R R O V R W K H R U J D Q L ] D W L R Q Z L O O Q R W K D Y H S H U I R U P D Q F H V F R U H V I R U D O O D S S O L F D Q W V 7 K H U H D U H V H Y H U D O L P S H U I H F W V R O X W L R Q V W R W K L V F K D O O H Q J H ) L U V W R U J D Q L ] D W L R Q V F D Q H [ D P L Q H W K H P D J Q L W X G H V R I U H O D W L R Q V K L S V E H W Z H H Q S U H G L F W R U V F R U H V D Q G R X W F R P H V I R U W K H G D W D W K H G R K D Y H L H M R E S H U I R U P D Q F H I R U K L U H V R Q O 7 K L V F D Q E H D S R W H Q W L D O V R O X W L R Q Z K H Q W K H R U J D Q L ] D W L R Q K L U H V O D U J H Q X P E H U V R I L Q G L Y L G X D O V I R U D J L Y H Q S R V L W L R Q 6 H F R Q G R U J D Q L ] D W L R Q V F D Q F K R R V H W R U H O R Q V H O H F W L R Q G H Y L F H V W K D W K D Y H E H H Q G H Y H O R S H G E R X W V L G H R U J D Q L ] D W L R Q V I R U Z K L F K O D U J H V F D O H Y D O L G D W L R Q V W X G L H V K D Y H E H H Q F R Q G X F W H G + H U H H Y L G H Q F H R I Y D O L 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H H N W R P D [ L P L ] H L H O G U D W L R V $ L H O G U D W L R G R H V K D Y H O L P L W D W L R Q V W K R X J K 6 S H F L I L F D O O L H O G U D W L R V D V V X P H W K D W H Y H U M R E R I I H U W K D W L V D F F H S W H G D Q G O L N H Z L V H H Y H U M R E R I I H U W K D W L V G H F O L Q H G K D Y H W K H V D P H L P S D F W R Q W K H R U J D Q L ] D W L R Q 7 K D W L V U D U H O W U X H 1 R W H Y H U R Q H Z K R L V H [ W H Q G H G D Q R I I H U L V Q H F H V V D U L O H [ S H F W H G W R S U R G X F H W K H V D P H R Q W K H M R E S H U I R U P D Q F H ) X U W K H U L I W K H R U J D Q L ] D W L R Q K D V D J L Y H Q Q X P E H U R I S R V L W L R Q V W R I L O O I D L O L Q J W R J D L Q D F F H S W D Q F H R I D Q R I I H U R I W H Q P H D Q V W K D W D Q R I I H U Z L O O Q H H G W R E H H [ W H Q G H G W R W K H Q H [ W K L J K H U V F R U L Q J D S S O L F D Q W S R R O W K D W E G H I L Q L W L R Q L V S H U F H L Y H G W R K D Y H O R Z H U S R W H Q W L D O 7 K H G 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X P E H U R I S R W H Q W L D O O K L J K S D E D F N R S S R U W X Q L W L H V P D E H W K H E H V W V W U D W H J D V R U J D Q L ] D W L R Q V G H Y H O R S W K H L U Z R U N I R U F H D Q D O W L F V F D S D E L O L W 8 Q G H U V W D Q G L Q J : K 0 D Q D J H P H Q W V F K R O D U V K D Y H W K H R U L H V R I K R Z R U J D Q L ] D W L R Q V Z R U N 0 R V W R U J D Q L ] D W L R Q D O P H P E H U V K D Y H W K H L U R Z Q S H U V R Q D O W K H R U L H V U H J D U G L Q J K R Z W K H L U F R P S D Q L H V Z R U N 7 K H V H W K H R U L H V S U R Y L G H D I U D P H Z R U N I R U L G H Q W L I L Q J S R W H Q W L D O O L P S R U W D Q W L Q I R U P D W L R Q I R F X V L Q J D W W H Q W L R Q R Q H Q Y L U R Q P H Q W D O V W L P X O L D Q G V W U H Q J W K H Q L Q J W K H F D S D F L W W R L G H Q W L I W K H W D F W L F V W K D W F D Q E H X V H G W R V R O Y H S U R E O H P V + R Z H Y H U F K R L F H V I R U R X W F R P H P H D V X U H V W R D V V H V V D U H R I W H Q E D V H G R Q S H U V R Q D O W K H R U L H V D E R X W K R Z W K L Q J V Z R U N L Q W K H R U J D Q L ] D W L R Q W K H R U L H V W K D W P D Q R W U H I O H F W U H D O L W ) R U H [ D P S O H F R P S D Q H P S O R H H V R I W H Q L G H Q W L I L Q W H U P H G L D W H R X W F R P H V V X F K D V L P S O H P H Q W D W L R Q R I I O H [ L E O H Z R U N K R X U V I O H [ W L P H R U F K D Q J H V L Q V X S H U Y L V R U V D V R X W F R P H V R I L Q W H U H V W , Q W H U P H G L D W H R X W F R P H V D U H W K R V H W K D W D U H P R U H L P P H G L D W H L Q G L F D W R U V R I W K L Q J V W K D W H P S O R H H V E H O L H Y H O H D G W R P R U H L P S R U W D Q W R X W F R P H V I R U H [ D P S O H F K D Q J H V L Q W K H W Z R S U H Y L R X V L Q W H U P H G L D W H R X W F R P H V O H D G L Q J W R D P X F K K D S S L H U Z R U N S O D F H + R Z H Y H U L Q V R P H F D V H V W K H L Q W H U P H G L D W H R X W F R P H V P D Q R W E H W K H E H V W R Q H V R Q Z K L F K W R I R F X V 7 K L V V 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X U Q R Y H U R I Y D O X H G H P S O R H H V I R U H [ D P S O H L V R I W H Q L G H Q W L I L H G D V D Q L P S R U W D Q W R U J D Q L ] D W L R Q D O R X W F R P H G X H W R W K H F R V W V D V V R F L D W H G Z L W K L W & D V F L R , W L V D P R Q J W K H P R V W I U H T X H Q W O D V V H V V H G D Q G U H S R U W H G + 5 P H W U L F V L Q R U J D Q L ] D W L R Q V 0 R V W P D Q D J H U V D J U H H W K D W H [ F H V V L Y H W X U Q R Y H U L V D V L J Q L I L F D Q W S U R E O H P + L J K O H Y H O V R I W X U Q R Y H U D U H G L V U X S W L Y H W R R S H U D W L R Q V D Q G F D Q F D X V H R U J D Q L ] D W L R Q V W R O R V H W K H F U L W L F D O H [ S H U W L V H D Q G F D S D E L O L W L H V R I H P S O R H H V W K D W O H D Y H 7 K H D Q V Z H U W R Z K W X U Q R Y H U L V L P S R U W D Q W L V W K D W L W G L V U X S W V R S H U D W L R Q V D Q G O H D G V W R S R W H Q W L D O O R V V R I N Q R Z O H G J H D Q G L P S R U W D Q W V N L O O V H W V % X W L Q P D Q F D V H V L W L V Q R W F O H D U Z K H W K H U W K H G H S D U W X U H R I V S H F L I L F H P S O R H H V D F W X D O O U H V X O W V L Q G H F U H D V L Q J S U R I L W V , Q V R P H F D V H V D G H S D U W L Q J H P S O R H H L V U H S O D F H G E D V W U R Q J H U S H U I R U P H U Z K L F K Z L O O H Q K D Q F H S U R I L W V $ W D P L Q L P X P D V N L Q J Z K K H O S V K L J K O L J K W W K H S R W H Q W L D O F D X V D O V H T X H Q F H W K U R X J K Z K L F K W K H V H L Q W H U P H G L D W H Y D U L D E O H H I I H F W V D U H H [ S H F W H G W R K D Y H W K H L U L Q I O X H Q F H 7 K H V H D Q D O V H V F D Q K L J K O L J K W Z K L F K P H W U L F V D U H O L N H O W R E H P R U H F U L W L F D O D Q G S U R Y L G H D I U D P H Z R U N I R U X Q G H U V W D Q G L Q J K R Z F K D Q J H L Q W K H V H P H W U L F V V K R X O G E H L Q W H U S U H W H G % X L O G L Q J W K H F D S D F L W W R X Q G H U V W D Q G W K H F D X V D O V H T X H Q F H V W K U R X J K Z K L F K L Q W H U Y H Q W L R Q V K D Y H W K H L U H I I H F W V L V D Q L P S R U W D Q W F D S D E L O L W I R U D Q R U J D Q L ] D W L R Q V Z R U N I R U F H D Q D O V W V 3 X W W L Q J + 5 0 H W U L F V D Q G $ Q D O W L F V ‘ D W D L Q & R Q W H [ W 5 H S R U W L Q J + 5 P H W U L F V G D W D D O R Q H L V L Q H I I H F W L Y H L Q O H D G L Q J W R L P S U R Y H P H Q W L Q P D Q D J H U L D O G H F L V L R Q P D N L Q J ‘ D W D S R L Q W V U H S U H V H Q W L Q J L P S R U W D Q W R U J D Q L ] D W L R Q D O R X W F R P H V E H F R P H X V H I X O Z K H Q W K H G H F L V L R Q P D N H U F D Q D W W D F K V R P H P H D Q L Q J W R W K H P 2 I W H Q G D W D Z L O O Q H H G W R E H S O D F H G L Q F R Q W H [ W ) R U H [ D P S O H N Q R Z L Q J W K D W D Q R U J D Q L ] D W L R Q V W X U Q R Y H U O H Y H O I R U Q H Z O K L U H G P D Q D J H P H Q W W U D L Q H H V L V L V P R U H P H D Q L Q J I X O Z K H Q L W F D Q E H S O D F H G L Q W K H F R Q W H [ W R I W K H R U J D Q L ] D W L R Q V S U H Y L R X V W X U Q R Y H U K L V W R U I R U W K L V S R V L W L R Q , V W X U Q R Y H U U L V L Q J R U I D O O L Q J I R U W K L V S R V L W L R Q D Q G L I V R K R Z T X L F N O ” 5 H S R U W L Q J W U H Q G L Q I R U P D W L R Q I R U P H W U L F V L V R Q H Z D W R S U R Y L G H W K H F R Q W H [ W W K D W J L Y H V P H D Q L Q J W R W K H G D W D W K X V F U H D W L Q J X V H I X O L Q I R U P D W L R Q % H Q F K P D U N L Q J L V D V H F R Q G P H D Q V W R S X W W L Q J G D W D L Q F R Q W H [ W ‘ D W D R Q P H W U L F V I U R P R W K H U R U J D Q L ] D W L R Q V L Q W K H V D P H L Q G X V W U F D Q S U R Y L G H L Q I R U P D W L R Q W K D W R I I H U V L Q V L J K W L Q W R D Q R U J D Q L ] D W L R Q V S H U I R U P D Q F H U H O D W L Y H W R L W V S H H U V + R Z H Y H U Q R W D O O F R P S D Q L H V D U H R U J D Q L ] H G L Q W K H V D P H Z D $ V D U H V X O W D Q G S D U W L F X O D U O I R U + 5 P H W U L F V K R Z W K H + 5 0 I X Q F W L R Q L V V W U X F W X U H G L Q D Q R U J D Q L ] D W L R Q F D Q K D Y H D V L J Q L I L F D Q W L P S D F W R Q W K H Y D O X H R I + 5 H I I L F L H Q F P H W U L F V $ G H S D U W P H Q W Z L W K D P R U H F H Q W U D O L ] H G V W U X F W X U H R I + 5 I X Q F W L R Q V W S L F D O O K D V O R Z H U H I I L F L H Q F P H W U L F V W K D Q + 5 G H S D U W P H Q W V V W U X F W X U H G V X F K W K D W P R U H R I W K H U H V S R Q V L E L O L W I R U + 5 S U R F H V V H V D Q G D F W L Y L W L H V H [ L V W V L Q R S H U D W L Q J X Q L W V $ V D U H V X O W + 5 E H Q F K P D U N L Q J G D W D Q H H G W R E H F R Q V L G H U H G L Q W K H F R Q W H [ W R I K R Z W K H R U J D Q L ] D W L R Q K D V V W U X F W X U H G W K H + 5 I X Q F W L R Q 6 H Q L R U P D Q D J H P H Q W Q H H G V W R H Q V X U H W K D W W K H + 5 0 I X Q F W L R Q L V V X S S R U W L Q J R U J D Q L ] D W L R Q D O H I I H F W L Y H Q H V V 7 K H Q W K H + 5 R U J D Q L ] D W L R Q F D Q E H V W U X F W X U H G L Q R U G H U W R P D [ L 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W K R V H W K L Q J V W K D W D U H O L N H O W R K D Y H W K H J U H D W H V W L P S D F W R Q R U J D Q L ] D W L R Q H I I H F W L Y H Q H V V : R U N I R U F H $ Q D O W L F V D Q G W K H ) X W X U H 7 K H G H Y H O R S P H Q W R I X V H I X O D Q G H I I H F W L Y H Z R U N I R U F H D Q D O W L F V L V O L N H O W R E H Y L H Z H G L Q W K H I X W X U H D V D Y H U V L J Q L I L F D Q W V R X U F H R I F R P S H W L W L Y H D G Y D Q W D J H : H Q R Z K D Y H W K H W R R O V D Q G W K H F R P S X W L Q J L Q I U D V W U X F W X U H W R K D Q G O H W K H V H S U R M H F W V W K D W F D Q K H O S X V X Q G H U V W D Q G R U J D Q L ] D W L R Q V D Q G V X S S R U W H I I H F W L Y H R U J D Q L ] D W L R Q D O I X Q F W L R Q L Q J % X V L Q J H I I H F W L Y H D S S U R D F K H V W R Z R U N I R U F H D Q D O W L F V G H F L V L R Q P D N H U V Z L O O D F T X L U H W K H D E L O L W W R P R U H H I I H F W L Y H O P D Q D J H D Q G L P S U R Y H + 5 S U R J U D P V D Q G S U R F 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R P D L Q R I Z R U N I R U F H D Q D O W L F V $ O W K R X J K F O D V V L F P H W U L F V V W L O O K D Y H Y D O X H Q H Z V R I W Z D U H R I I H U V W U H P H Q G R X V R S S R U W X Q L W L H V W R F K D Q J H E R W K W K H P H W U L F V D Q G W S H V R I D Q D O V H V R U J D Q L ] D W L R Q V X Q G H U W D N H : H F D Q H [ S H F W W K H W S H V R I P H W U L F V R U J D Q L ] D W L R Q V X V H G L Q W K H I X W X U H W R F K D Q J H D V W K H Q H H G V R I G H F L V L R Q P D N H U V F K D Q J H D Q G D V W K H V H D Q D O V H V F R Q W L Q X H W R Z R U N W R Z D U G H I I H F W L Y H O E D O D Q F L Q J W K H F R V W D Q G E H Q H I L W F R Q V H T X H Q F H V R I G H F L V L R Q V V H H & K D S W H U & R P S R Q H Q W V R I W K L V F R Q W L Q X H G H Y R O X W L R Q R I P H W U L F V D Q G D Q D O W L F V F D S D E L O L W L H V D U H G U L Y H Q E L Q F U H D V H G X V H R I E R W K S X V K D Q G S X O O U H S R U W L Q J V V W H P V P R U H H [ W H Q V L Y H X V H R I S U H G L F W L Y H D Q D O W L F V D Q G R S H U D W L R Q D O H [ S H U L P H Q W V D Q G W K H G H Y H O R S P H Q W R I R U J D Q L ] D W L R Q D O H [ S H U W L V H L Q P H W U L F V D Q G D Q D O W L F V F D S D E L O L W L H V $ V W K H V H V N L O O V P D W X U H R U J D Q L ] D W L R Q V Z L O O E H D E O H W R P R Y H E H R Q G V L P S O H D Q D O V H V R I + 5 H I I L F L H Q F P H W U L F V W R D J U H D W H U H P S K D V L V R Q R S H U D W L R Q D O H I I H F W L Y H Q H V V D Q G R U J D Q L ] D W L R Q D O U H D O L J Q P H Q W D Q D O V H V Z K L F K Z L O O I X U W K H U H Q K D Q F H W K H Y D O X H R I Z R U N I R U F H D Q D O V L V V V W H P V . H 7 H U P V D G P L Q L V W U D W L Y H S U R F H V V H I I L F L H Q F G D V K E R D U G V G D W D P L Q L Q J R S H U D W L R Q D O H I I H F W L Y H Q H V V R S H U D W L R Q D O H [ S H U L P H Q W V S U H G L F W L Y H D Q D O V L V S X O O V V W H P V S X V K V V W H P V U H S R U W L Q J P H W U L F V V W U D W H J L F U H D O L J Q P H Q W Z R U N I R U F H P R G H O L Q J ‘ L V F X V V L R Q 4 X H V W L R Q V : K D W I D F W R U V K D Y H O H G W R L Q F U H D V H G R U J D Q L ] D W L R Q D O L Q W H U H V W L Q + 5 P H W U L F V D Q G Z R U N I R U F H D Q D O W L F V ” : K H Q P L J K W W K H L Q I R U P D W L R Q I U R P Q X P H U L F L Q I R U P D W L R Q V V W H P V V X F K D V + 5 P H W U L F V D Q G Z R U N I R U F H D Q D O W L F V Q R W J H Q H U D W H D Q U H W X U Q R Q L Q Y H V W P H Q W ” : K D W D U H V R P H R I W K H O L P L W D W L R Q V R I W K H W U D G L W L R Q D O + 5 P H W U L F V ” ‘ L V F X V V W K H K L V W R U L F D O U R O H R I + 5 E H Q F K P D 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